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Whereas the mechanisms of early Drosophila mesoderm formation have been studied in much detail, the subsequent processes determining regional identities within the mesoderm remain largely unknown. Here, we describe two homeo box genes, tinman (tin) and bagpipe (bap), which spatially subdivide the mesoderm and determine cell fates in the dorsal mesoderm.(More)
Several Drosophila homeo box genes have been shown to control cell fates in specific positions or cell groups of the embryo. Because the mechanisms involved in the pattern formation of complex internal organs, such as the musculature and the nervous system, are still largely unknown, we sought to identify and analyze new homeo box genes specifically(More)
Patterning of the developing mesoderm establishes primordia of the visceral, somatic, and cardiac tissues at defined anteroposterior and dorsoventral positions in each segment. Here we examine the mechanisms that locate and determine these primordia. We focus on the regulation of two mesodermal genes: bagpipe (bap), which defines the anlagen of the visceral(More)
The eyegone (eyg) gene is known to be involved in the development of the eye structures of Drosophila. We show that eyg and its related gene, twin of eyegone (toe), are also expressed in part of the anterior compartment of the adult mesothorax (notum). We report experiments concerning the role of these genes in the notum. In the absence of eyg function the(More)
We report the cloning and primary structure of the Drosophila insulin receptor gene (inr), functional expression of the predicted polypeptide, and the isolation of mutations in the inr locus. Our data indicate that the structure and processing of the Drosophila insulin proreceptor are somewhat different from those of the mammalian insulin and IGF 1 receptor(More)
The gene homothorax (hth) is originally expressed uniformly in the wing imaginal disc but, during development, its activity is restricted to the cells that form the thorax and the hinge, where the wing blade attaches to the thorax, and eliminated in the wing pouch, which forms the wing blade. We show that hth repression in the wing pouch is a prerequisite(More)
Vertebrate limbs grow out from the flanks of embryos, with their main axis extending proximodistally from the trunk. Distinct limb domains, each with specific traits, are generated in a proximal-to-distal sequence during development. Diffusible factors expressed from signalling centres promote the outgrowth of limbs and specify their dorsoventral and(More)
In the Drosophila embryo, a distinct class of myoblasts, designated as muscle founders, prefigures the mature pattern of somatic body wall muscles. Each founder cell appears to be instrumental in generating a single larval muscle with a defined identity. The NK homeobox gene S59 was the first of a growing number of proposed 'identity genes' that have been(More)
The homeobox gene extradenticle (exd) acts as a cofactor of Hox function both in Drosophila and vertebrates. It has been shown that the distribution of the Exd protein is developmentally regulated at the post-translational level; in the regions where exd is not functional Exd is present only in the cell cytoplasm, whereas it accumulates in the nuclei of(More)
The Drosophila leg is subdivided into two mutually antagonistic proximal and distal domains. The proximal domain is defined by the activity of the homeobox genes homothorax and extradenticle and the distal one by the Dpp/Wg targets Distal-less (Dll) and dachshund (dac). It is known that hth/exd function prevents the activity of Dpp and Wg response genes and(More)