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Iris recognition, the ability to recognize and distinguish individuals by their iris pattern, is the most reliable biometric in terms of recognition and identification performance. However, performance of these systems is affected by poor quality imaging. In this work, we extend previous research efforts on iris quality assessment by analyzing the effect of(More)
Short wave infrared (SWIR) is an emerging imaging modality in surveillance applications. It is able to capture clear long range images of a subject in harsh atmospheric conditions and at night time. However, matching SWIR images against a gallery of color images is a very challenging task. The photometric properties of images in these two spectral bands are(More)
The popularity of iris biometric has grown considerably over the past two to three years. It has resulted in the development of a large number of new iris encoding and processing algorithms. Since there are no publicly available large-scale and even medium-size data bases, neither of the newly designed algorithms has undergone extensive testing. The(More)
Practical iris-based identification systems are easily accessible for data collection at the matching score level. In a typical setting, a video camera is used to collect a single frontal view image of good quality. The image is then preprocessed, encoded, and compared with all entries in the biometric database resulting in a single highest matching score.(More)
Iris biometric is one of the most reliable biometrics with respect to performance. However, this reliability is a function of the ideality of the data. One of the most important steps in processing nonideal data is reliable and precise segmentation of the iris pattern from remaining background. In this paper, a segmentation methodology that aims at(More)
In the selection of biometrics for use in a recognition system and in the subsequent design of the system, the predicted performance is a key consideration. The realizations of the biometric signatures or vectors of features extracted from the signatures can be modeled as realizations of random processes. These random processes and the resulting(More)
The popularity of the iris biometric has grown considerably over the past two to three years. Most research has been focused on the development of new iris processing and recognition algorithms for frontal view iris images. However, a few challenging directions in iris research have been identified, including processing of a nonideal iris and iris at a(More)
Although polyamines interact strongly with nucleic acids, X-ray and NMR studies have not revealed much structural information about spermine-DNA complexes. Therefore, it was of interest to look at the binding of polyamines to 32P-labeled DNA restriction fragments by sequencing gel electrophoresis of the photoaffinity cleavage products induced by(More)
In this paper, we describe and analyze the performance of two iris-encoding techniques. The first technique is based on Principle Component Analysis (PCA) encoding method while the second technique is a combination of Principal Component Analysis with Independent Component Analysis (ICA) following it. Both techniques are applied globally. PCA and ICA are(More)