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BACKGROUND Formation of blood vessels requires the concerted regulation of an unknown number of genes in a spatial-, time- and dosage-dependent manner. Determining genes, which drive vascular maturation is crucial for the identification of new therapeutic targets against pathological angiogenesis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS [corrected] We accessed(More)
Multiple myeloma is a deadly hematopoietic malignancy. Despite therapeutic advances such as autologous stem cell transplantation and novel chemotherapeutics, multiple myeloma remains incurable. Multiple myeloma cell localization in the bone marrow and the cross-talk with the bone niche trigger dramatic alterations in the bone marrow microenvironment(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors contribute to the development of malignant glioma. Here we considered the possible implication of the EGFR ligand epiregulin (EREG) in glioma development in relation to the activity of the unfolded protein response (UPR) sensor IRE1α. We also examined EREG status in several glioblastoma cell lines and in malignant(More)
Kinesin motor proteins exert essential cellular functions in all eukaryotes. They control mitosis, migration and intracellular transport through interaction with microtubules. Small molecule inhibitors of the mitotic kinesin KiF11/Eg5 are a promising new class of anti-neoplastic agents currently evaluated in clinical cancer trials for solid tumors and(More)
A variety of signals governing early extension, guidance, and connectivity of olfactory receptor neuron (ORN) axons has been identified; however, little is known about axon-mesoderm and forebrain (FB)-mesoderm signals. Using Wnt-beta catenin reporter mice, we identify a novel Wnt-responsive resident cell population, located in a Frizzled7 expression domain(More)
LYVE-1 (lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1) is a homolog of the hyaluronan receptor CD44, and one of the most widely used markers of lymphatic endothelial cells in normal and tumor tissues. However, the physiologic role of LYVE-1 in the lymphatic system still remains unclear. It is well established that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2)(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a deadly hematopoietic malignancy characterized by proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM) and bone disease. Interactions between myeloma and BM cells facilitate tumor progression and resistance to therapies. CXCR4 and its ligand Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) have a primary role in this process and(More)
We describe a family affected by Ulnar-Mammary syndrome (UMS) in which typical UMS traits (hypoplasia of the breast and axillary hair, upper limbs and genital defects) are present together with cardiac malformations and pulmonary stenosis. Sequence analysis of TBX3 shows a new heterozygous mutation that causes a frame-shift (Nt.1586-1587-insC) in exon 6,(More)
TBX3, the gene mutated in ulnar-mammary syndrome (UMS), is involved in the production of a transcription factor of the T-box family, known to inhibit transcription from the p14ARF (p19ARF in mouse) promoter in fibroblasts and to contribute to cell immortalization. One of the main features of the UMS phenotype is the severe hypoplasia of the breast,(More)