Natalia A. Loktionova

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2-amino-O4-benzylpteridine (1), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6,7-dimethylpteridine (2), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6-hydroxymethylpteridine (4), 2-amino-O4-benzylpteridine-6-carboxylic acid (5), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6-formylpteridine (6), and O4-benzylfolic acid (7) are shown to be as potent or more potent inactivators of the human DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor, STIM1, becomes activated when ER-stored Ca(2+) is depleted and translocates into ER-plasma membrane junctions where it tethers and activates Orai1 Ca(2+) entry channels. The dimeric STIM1 protein contains a small STIM-Orai-activating region (SOAR)--the minimal sequence sufficient to activate Orai1 channels.(More)
The levels of 3 DNA repair enzymes involved in alkylation and oxidative DNA damage repair in human peripheral blood leukocytes were measured in 20 smokers and 17 non-smokers. No differences in O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (AGT) activity were found between the 2 groups and the AGT distribution within the population appeared to be unimodal. In(More)
A precise measurement of the inclusive deep-inelastic ep scattering cross section is reported in the kinematic range 1.5 ≤ Q ≤ 150GeV and 3 · 10 ≤ x ≤ 0.2. The data were recorded with the H1 detector at HERA in 1996 and 1997, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 20 pb. The double differential cross section, from which the proton structure function(More)
In order to develop new markers of individual susceptibility to various human carcinogens, we studied some parameters of formation and metabolism of carcinogens, as well as DNA adducts formation and DNA repair in animals and humans. Following an i.p. administration of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) to the rats, levels of urinary excretion of BP-7,8-diol correlated(More)
The human DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (hAGT) is an important source of resistance to some therapeutic alkylating agents and attempts to circumvent this resistance by the use of hAGT inhibitors have reached clinical trials. Several human polymorphisms in the MGMT gene that encodes hAGT have been described including L84F and the(More)
O6-Alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (alkyltransferase) provides an important source of resistance to some cancer chemotherapeutic alkylating agents. Folate ester derivatives of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and of O6-[4-(hydroxymethyl)benzyl]guanine were synthesized and tested for their ability to inactivate human alkyltransferase. Inactivation of(More)
This article summarizes the current understanding of known variant forms of the MGMT gene that encode an altered protein. Epidemiological studies have been carried out to test whether these alterations are associated with altered cancer risk. Laboratory studies using recombinant proteins and cells expressing the known variants have investigated the possible(More)
Major limitations to gene therapy using HSCs are low gene transfer efficiency and the inability of most therapeutic genes to confer a selective advantage on the gene-corrected cells. One approach to enrich for gene-modified cells in vivo is to include in the retroviral vector a drug resistance gene, such as the P140K mutant of the DNA repair enzyme(More)
The ubiquitously expressed Orai Ca2+ channels are gated through a unique process of intermembrane coupling with the Ca2+-sensing STIM proteins. Despite the significance of Orai1-mediated Ca2+ signals, how gating of Orai1 is triggered by STIM1 remains unknown. A widely held gating model invokes STIM1 binding directly to Orai1 pore-forming helix. Here we(More)