Natalia A. Loktionova

Learn More
2-amino-O4-benzylpteridine (1), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6,7-dimethylpteridine (2), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6-hydroxymethylpteridine (4), 2-amino-O4-benzylpteridine-6-carboxylic acid (5), 2-amino-O4-benzyl-6-formylpteridine (6), and O4-benzylfolic acid (7) are shown to be as potent or more potent inactivators of the human DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA(More)
The human DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (hAGT) is an important source of resistance to some therapeutic alkylating agents and attempts to circumvent this resistance by the use of hAGT inhibitors have reached clinical trials. Several human polymorphisms in the MGMT gene that encodes hAGT have been described including L84F and the(More)
O6-Alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (alkyltransferase) provides an important source of resistance to some cancer chemotherapeutic alkylating agents. Folate ester derivatives of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and of O6-[4-(hydroxymethyl)benzyl]guanine were synthesized and tested for their ability to inactivate human alkyltransferase. Inactivation of(More)
Glucuronic acid linked prodrugs of O(6)-benzylguanine and O(6)-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine were synthesized. The prodrugs were found to be quite stable at physiological pH and were more than 200-fold less active as inactivators of O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (alkyltransferase) than either O(6)-benzylguanine or O(6)-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine.(More)
Major limitations to gene therapy using HSCs are low gene transfer efficiency and the inability of most therapeutic genes to confer a selective advantage on the gene-corrected cells. One approach to enrich for gene-modified cells in vivo is to include in the retroviral vector a drug resistance gene, such as the P140K mutant of the DNA repair enzyme(More)
Alkylating agents such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) are known to covalently link alkyl groups at the position 6 of guanines (O6MG) in DNA. O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) specifically removes the methyl group of the O6MG. Using purified human topoisomerase I (Top1), we found an 8-10-fold enhancement of Top1 cleavage complexes(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells lack O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) activity and are sensitive to killing by N,N'-bis (2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea (BCNU). Transfection of these cells with a plasmid leading to the production of wild-type human AGT rendered them resistant to BCNU but this resistance could be overcome by treatment with(More)
We observed previously that wild-type p53 rendered neonatal mouse astrocytes resistant to 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) in a gene dose-dependent fashion. This effect of p53 appeared to be unrelated to its cell cycle regulation or apoptotic functions. Because in many cell types O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT)-mediated DNA repair(More)
Human O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (hAGT) activity is a major factor in providing resistance to cancer chemotherapeutic alkylating agents. Inactivation of hAGT by O(6)-benzylguanine (BG) is a promising strategy for overcoming this resistance. Previous studies, which have focused on the region encompassed by residues Pro138 to Gly173, have(More)
Inactivation of the DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) enhances tumor cell killing by therapeutic alkylating agents. O(6)-Benzylguanine (b(6)G) can inactivate AGT and is currently in clinical trials to enhance therapy. Short oligodeoxyribonucleotides containing b(6)G are much more effective inactivators, but their use for(More)