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Grain protein content (GPC) is an important quality factor in both durum and bread wheats. GPC is considered to be a polygenic trait influenced by environmental factors and management practice. The objectives of this study were both to compare the quantitative trait loci (QTL) for GPC in a population of 65 recombinant inbred lines of tetraploid wheats(More)
Drought, low temperature and salinity are the most important abiotic stress factors limiting crop productivity. A genomic map of major loci and QTLs affecting stress tolerance in Triticeae identified the crucial role of the group 5 chromosomes, where the highest concentration of QTLs and major loci controlling plant's adaptation to the environment (heading(More)
Grain yield is a complex trait, strongly influenced by the environment: severe losses can be caused by drought, a stress common in most maize-growing areas, including temperate climatic zones. Accordingly, drought tolerance is one of the main components of yield stability, and its improvement is a major challenge to breeders. The aim of the present work was(More)
 Drought is a serious agronomic problem, and one of the most important factors contributing to crop yield loss. In maize grown in temperate areas, drought stress occurs just before and during the flowering period; consequently, tolerance to water stress in this species is largely determined by events that occur at or shortly after flowering. The purposes of(More)
Maize endosperms accumulate during development a large amount of storage proteins (zeins). The rate of zein accumulation is under the control of several regulatory genes. Two of these, the opaque-2 and opaque-6 mutants, lower the zein level, thus improving the nutritional quality of maize meals. An endosperm protein of Mr 32 000 (b-32) appears to be(More)
The cDNA coding for the b-32 protein, an albumin expressed in maize endosperm cells under the control of the O2 and O6 loci, has been cloned and the complete amino acid sequence of the protein derived. A lambda gt11 cDNA library from mRNA of immature maize endosperm was screened for the expression of the b-32 protein using antibodies against the purified(More)
Nuclear extracts from maize endosperm were used to investigate protein-DNA interactions in the 5′-upstream region of the Zc1 and Zc2 genes. These genes encode for zeins of apparent molecular mass (MWapp) 16 and 28 kDa, respectively, which accumulate in the endosperm during seed maturation. Binding assays revealed specific binding of a nuclear protein to(More)
o2-m(r) is an unstable allele of the O2 locus responding to the regulatory element Bg by somatic reversion. The spontaneous occurrence and the properties of the components of this system of controlling elements have been investigated. The system appears to have some degree of specificity for the O2 locus, because the majority of spontaneous O2 mutations are(More)
This paper describes a new dominant mutation of maize, Mc, which interferes in the endosperm with the synthesis of storage proteins. The mutant is characterized by an opaque phenotype; it reduces the deposition of zein and it increases the level of methionine. The mutation is specifically related to storage protein synthesis since soluble and insoluble(More)
As derived from a cDNA clone, the structure of the b-32 protein ofZea mays, a putative regulatory factor of zein expression, has a central acidic region separated by two domains covered by secondary structure motifs. In this work, three b-32 genomic clones were selected from two genomic libraries obtained from the maize inbred lines W64A and A69Y. The(More)