Natacha Bourdon

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Our work aimed at a global investigation of the lipid metabolism during the induction of resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum) against powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici). More specifically, the effect of salicylic acid, known as playing a key role in the activation of defence reactions against pathogens in plants, has been investigated.(More)
Powdery mildew would be one of the most damaging wheat diseases without the extensive use of conventional fungicides. Some of the alternative control strategies currently emerging are based on the use of resistance inducers. The disacharride trehalose (TR) is classically described as an inducer of defenses in plants to abiotic stress. In this work, the(More)
Effects of the encapsulation in cyclodextrins (CDs) on the solubility, photostability and antifungal activities of some phenylpropanoids (PPs) were investigated. Solubility experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of CDs on PPs aqueous solubility. Loading capacities and encapsulation efficiencies of freeze-dried inclusion complexes were(More)
This study investigated the infection process of Mycosphaerella graminicola and enzyme activities related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) or oxylipin biosynthesis in four French wheat cultivars with variable resistance to M. graminicola infection. At field level, cultivars Caphorn, Maxyl and Gen11 were susceptible, whereas Capnor showed high levels of(More)
Three families of lipopeptides (LPs), surfactin, iturin (including mycosutilin) and fengycin, produced by the rhizabacterium Bacillus subtilis have received considerable attention for their antimicrobial, cytotoxic, antitumor, immunosuppressant and surfactant properties. Among them, iturins and fengycins generally display a strong in vitro antifungal(More)
Heptanoyl salicylic acid (HSA) is a salicylic acid (SA) derivative obtained by esterification of 2-OH benzoic acid with heptanoic acid. In wheat, the protection levels obtained against Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) increased from 50% with SA to 95% with HSA. Using molecular, biochemical and cytological approaches, we investigated here how wheat(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the infection process of M. graminicola and the defence mechanisms related to active oxygen species (AOS) in five French wheat cultivars. These cultivars exhibited various resistant levels to M. graminicola infection: Maxyl, Caphorn and Gen11 are susceptible cultivars, whereas Capnor and Gen23 show high levels of(More)
In conventional agricultural practices, fungicides are extensively used to control the development of many fungal plant pathogens. However, the reduction of pesticide applications in the field, which is recommended by authorities and approved by public opinion, may lead to a re-emergence of diseases. Alternative strategies have therefore to be developed in(More)
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