Nataša Lončarević-Vasiljković

Learn More
Exposure of newborn rats to a variety of anesthetics has been shown to induce apoptotic neurodegeneration in the developing brain. We investigated the effect of the general anesthetic propofol on the brain of 7-day-old (P7) Wistar rats during the peak of synaptic growth. Caspase and calpain protease families most likely participate in neuronal cell death.(More)
Neurotrophins are established molecular mediators of neuronal plasticity in the adult brain. We analyzed the impact of aging on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) protein isoforms, their receptors, and on the expression patterns of multiple 5′ exon-specific BDNF transcripts in the rat cortex and hippocampus throughout the(More)
Propofol anesthesia can trigger pro- and anti-apoptotic signaling pathways in the rat brain. In our previous work, we demonstrated that propofol causes widespread apoptotic neurodegeneration in 7-postnatal-day-old (PND7) but not in PND14 rat neurons. The mechanism responsible for these opposing outcomes is unknown, apparently linked to the specific stage of(More)
The regenerative capacity of the adult central nervous system is limited. We investigated whether short-term food restriction (FR; 50% of the daily food intake lasting 3 months) modulates processes of brain plasticity after cortical injury. Quantitative changes of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) and synaptophysin (SYP) mRNA levels in the ipsilateral(More)
A number of experimental studies have reported that exposure to common, clinically used anesthetics induce extensive neuroapoptosis and cognitive impairment when applied to young rodents, up to 2 weeks old, in phase of rapid synaptogenesis. Propofol is the most used general anesthetic in clinical practice whose mechanisms of neurotoxicity on the developing(More)
Disturbance of cholesterol homeostasis in the brain is coupled to age-related brain dysfunction. In the present work, we studied the relationship between aging and cholesterol metabolism in two brain regions, the cortex and hippocampus, as well as in the sera and liver of 6-, 12-, 18- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats. Using gas chromatography-mass(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widespread cause of death and a major source of adult disability. Subsequent pathological events occurring in the brain after TBI, referred to as secondary injury, continue to damage surrounding tissue resulting in substantial neuronal loss. One of the hallmarks of the secondary injury process is microglial activation(More)
The changes that occur during adolescence have a profound impact on the brain and behavior later in life. In this work we examined changes in motor activity during habituation to a novel environment and after treatment with MK-801 (0.025, 0.05, 0.1mg/kg) in peripubertal, pubertal and adult Wistar rats. The involvement of the motor cortex and striatum in(More)
Propofol is a general anesthetic commonly used in pediatric clinical practices. Experimental findings demonstrate that anesthetics induce widespread apoptosis and cognitive decline in a developing brain. Although anesthesia-mediated neurotoxicity is the most prominent during intense period of synaptogenesis, the effects of an early anesthesia exposure on(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in humans. Subsequent pathological events occurring in the brain after TBI, referred to as secondary injury, continue to damage surrounding tissue resulting in substantial neuronal loss. Using an animal model of TBI we examined the effect of dietary restriction (DR) on the(More)
  • 1