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Individual differences in adaptation to night or continuously-rotating shiftwork may reflect distinct strategies of coping with temporal challenges of the environment. Rather than studying compensatory mechanisms, we have chosen the anticipatory response of the sleep onset time preceding work in order to reveal the strategy used by workers submitted to(More)
The aim of this commentary was to discuss the last studies regarding the effect of antioxidant vitamins supplementation on oxidative stress in exercise in humans. The inclusion criteria encompassed published studies done in adult males and females between 2006 and 2013. The keywords used in the search engine were: endurance athlete, diet, oxidative stress,(More)
Rats were submitted to electrolytic lesion of either the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) or the subparaventricular hypothalamic zone (SPVH) and the effects on circadian behavioral rhythms were compared. While the SCN lesion abolished the circadian rhythmicity of all behavioral patterns, the SPVH lesion only abolished that of the eating and drinking behavior(More)
GLRaV-3, a member of the Closteroviridae family and type member of the genus Ampelovirus, is involved in the grapevine leafroll disease. Until now no RNA silencing suppressor has been found among viruses of this genus, contrary to what happens with a large number of other viral genera. In the sister genus Closterovirus, RNA silencing suppressors are present(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the circadian and the ultradian rhythms of drinking behavior in Wistar rats maintained under conditions of constant darkness. Six mature male rats (weighing 270-350 g) were exposed to light-dark 12:12-h cycles (LD 12:12, light on at 12:00 h) for 35 days and then switched to constant darkness (DD)(More)
Behavioral states may be analyzed as expressions of underlying cyclic activity involving several physiological systems. The human sleep-wake cycle in the first year of life shows, in addition to the establishment of circadian rhythmicity around the second month, the dynamics of its ultradian components, as can be seen in the more or less gradual decline of(More)
The p20 protein encoded by the Citrus Tristeza Virus (CTV) was previously identified as a RNA silencing suppressor. In this study, we analyzed the p20’s suppressing activity from five phylogenetic groups of CTV, using the co-infiltration assay of Green fluorescence protein (GFP) gene and the suppressor gene in 16C line Nicotiana benthamiana plants. Green(More)
In a recent review of cellular mechanisms of entrainment, an ocular circadian rhythm of Bulla was reported (1). The isolated retina of this marine mollusk is described to contain a circadian oscillator. A glance at the spontaneous impulse frequency from eyes recorded in darkness at 15 degrees C suggests lower-frequency modulations of the about 24-h rhythm(More)
The endopeptidase 22.19 (EC has been associated with the metabolism of neuropeptides by its ability to convert small enkephalin-containing peptides (8 to 13 amino acids) into enkephalins. In addition, this enzyme cleaves the Arg8-Arg9 bond of neurotensin and the Phe5-Ser6 bond of bradykinin. We analyzed the circadian variation of endopeptidase(More)
Two male truck drivers working in a Brazilian cellulose plant and classifying themselves as "well-" and "ill-adapted" to a shiftwork schedule of 4 days-on and 1 day-off, participated in an autorhythmometric study. Psychophysiological self-ratings (calmness, stress and alertness), oral temperature measurements and urine collections (detection of K+,Na+ and(More)