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Omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3-PUFAs) have well-documented protective effects that are attributed not only to eicosanoid inhibition but also to the formation of novel biologically active lipid mediators (i.e., resolvins and protectins). In this study, we examined their effects on ob/ob mice, an obesity model of insulin resistance and fatty(More)
BACKGROUND Paraoxonase may protect lipoproteins and cell membranes from peroxidation, and alterations in the activity of this enzyme have been associated with some chronic diseases. Serum paraoxonase appears to be mainly under genetic control, but some studies suggest that environmental factors may also modulate its activity. The aim of the present study(More)
1. The aims of the present study were to assess: (i) the temporal relationships between hepatic lipid peroxidation, changes in the glutathione detoxification system and the onset/development of cirrhosis in CCl4-treated rats; and (ii) the effects of oral zinc administration on these parameters. 2. Cirrhosis was induced in 120 rats by intraperitoneal(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a omega-3 essential fatty acid that reduces the incidence and severity of a number of diseases. Recently, a novel series of DHA-derived lipid mediators with potent protective actions has been identified. In this study we demonstrate that dietary amplification of these DHA-derived products protects the liver from(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationships between serum paraoxonase-1 (PON1), insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in childhood obesity. DESIGN AND METHODS We studied 110 obese children and 36 non-obese children with a similar gender and age distribution. We measured serum PON1 activity against 5-thiobutyl butyrolactone (TBBLase) and(More)
We aimed to investigate the effect of turpentine-induced inflammation in an atherosclerosis-prone murine model. We have induced a chronic aseptic inflammation in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, with or without a dietary supplement of aspirin (n = 10, each), by the injection of a mixture (1:1) of turpentine and olive oil in the hind limb twice weekly for a(More)
In humans, hypercholesterolemia, steatohepatitis, and risk for arteriosclerosis are associated. Apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, a widely used animal model, show both arteriosclerosis and steatohepatitis in response to high-fat and cholesterol diets. We have found a relationship between these conditions and a higher mRNA aortic and hepatic monocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme synthesized by the liver. It protects against liver impairment and attenuates the production of the pro-inflammatory monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). We investigated the relationships between hepatic PON1 and MCP-1 expression in rats with liver disease and explored the possible molecular(More)
Pro-inflammatory lipid mediators (i.e. eicosanoids), cytokines (i.e. TNF-alpha) and reactive oxygen species are targets of interest in the regulation of liver inflammation and oxidative stress. In the current review, we summarize recent advances in the pharmacological modulation of these pathways with especial emphasis on the participation of Kupffer cells,(More)
As 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is an emerging target in obesity and insulin resistance, we have investigated whether this arachidonate pathway is also implicated in the progression of obesity-related fatty liver disease. Our results show that 5-LO activity and 5-LO-derived product levels are significantly elevated in the liver of obese ob/ob mice with respect to(More)