Nasser B Elkum

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B7-H1 molecule increases the apoptosis of tumor-reactive T lymphocytes and reduces their immunogenicity. Breast cancer is the second most common cause of mortality after lung cancer. Direct evidence linking B7-H1 with cancer has been shown in several malignancies; however, its expression in breast cancer has not been investigated. We used(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a direct involvement of B7-H1, PD-1 and FOXP3 molecules in the immune escape of cancer. B7-H1 is an inhibitory molecule that binds to PD-1 on T lymphocytes, while FOXP3 is a marker for regulatory T cells (Tregs). We have previously demonstrated the association of B7-H1-expressing T infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) with(More)
Breast cancer in young Saudi women is a crucial problem. According to the 2002 annual report of Saudi National Cancer Registry, breast cancers that developed before the age of 40 comprise 26.4% of all female breast cancers comparing to 6.5% in the USA. Breast cancer in young patients is often associated with a poorer prognosis, but there has been a scarcity(More)
Betatrophin/ANGPTL8 is a newly identified hormone produced in liver and adipose tissue that has been shown to be induced as a result of insulin resistance and regulates lipid metabolism. Little is known about betatrophin level in humans and its association with T2D and metabolic risk factors. Plasma level of betatrophin was measured by ELISA in 1603(More)
PURPOSE The main purpose of this study was to determine the causes of uveitis at the Eye Center in Saudi Arabia. METHODS A retrospective review. The causes of uveitis were analyzed according to various patient characteristics. RESULTS A total of 488 cases were encountered. The age range was 3 to 99 years (mean age: 38 years). The most common causes of(More)
BACKGROUND A number of genetic studies have reported an association between vitamin D related genes such as group-specific component gene (GC), Cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily R, polypeptide 1 (CYP2R1) and 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase/nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide synthetase 1 (DHCR7/NADSYN1) and serum levels of the active form of Vitamin D, 25(More)
We investigated the waiting time for patients before seeing a physician in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Bi- and multivariate analyses of routine data for 2187 patients determined the association between selected patient characteristics and waiting time. The median waiting time between triage and being seen by(More)
B7-H1, a co-inhibitory molecule, plays a role in immune escape of tumors. We have shown previously the expression of this molecule in breast cancer patients and demonstrated its association with high histological grade, progesterone and estrogen receptor negative status, all of which are known to have direct impact on cell proliferation. In the present(More)
Allogeneic SCT is curative for bone marrow failure in Fanconi anemia (FA) patients but the optimal conditioning regimen is undetermined. We report here our experience with 56 FA patients who underwent allogeneic matched related SCT. The conditioning regimen varied according to time of SCT and disease status at SCT; 22 patients (group A) received Cy 20(More)
BACKGROUND Betatrophin has been suggested as an inducer of β-cell proliferation in mice in addition to its function in regulating triglyceride. Recent data showed that betatrophin was increased in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), however, its ability to induce insulin production has been questioned. We hypothesized that the increased betatrophin in T2D is not(More)