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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays a critical role in the synthesis and chaperoning of membrane-associated and secreted proteins. The membrane is also an important site of Ca(2+) storage and release. Calreticulin is a unique ER luminal resident protein. The protein affects many cellular functions, both in the ER lumen and outside of the ER environment. In(More)
The widely distributed and highly conserved Ca(2+)-binding protein calreticulin has been suggested to play a role as a Ca2+ storage protein of intracellular Ca+ stores. To test this hypothesis, we have generated a mouse L fibroblast cell line stably transfected with a calreticulin expression vector. The calreticulin content of the overexpressers was(More)
Calreticulin is an ubiquitous and highly conserved high capacity Ca(2+)-binding protein that plays a major role in Ca2+ storage within the lumen of the ER. Here, using L fibroblast cell lines expressing different levels of calreticulin, we show that calreticulin plays a role in the control of cell adhesiveness via regulation of expression of vinculin, a(More)
Although the modulation of ion channel gating by hormones and drugs has been extensively studied, much less is known about how cell surface ion channel expression levels are regulated. Here, we demonstrate that the cell surface density of both the heterologously expressed K+ channel encoded by the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) and its native(More)
Calreticulin is a ubiquitously expressed Ca2+-binding protein of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which inhibits DNA binding in vitro and transcriptional activation in vivo by steroid hormone receptors. Transient transfection assays were carried out to investigate the effects of different intracellular targeting of calreticulin on transactivation mediated by(More)
OBJECTIVE Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns 4,5-P(2)) is not only a precursor to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins 1,4, 5-P(3)) and sn-1,2 diacylglycerol, but also essential for the function of several membrane proteins. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the level of this phospholipid in the cell plasma membrane (sarcolemma,(More)
We used two cell lines expressing fast (RPEfast) and slow (RPEslow) attachment kinetics to investigate mechanisms of cell-substratum adhesion. We show that the abundance of a cytoskeletal protein, vinculin, is dramatically decreased in RPEfast cells. This coincides with the diminished expression level of an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, calreticulin.(More)
Calreticulin is a ubiquitous Ca2+ binding protein, located in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen, which has been implicated in many diverse functions including: regulation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, chaperone activity, steroid-mediated gene regulation, and cell adhesion. To understand the physiological function of calreticulin we used gene targeting to(More)
The effect of reagents that modify sulfur-containing amino acid residues in the phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase was studied in the isolated rat cardiac sarcolemma by employing S-adenosyl-L-[methyl-3H]methionine as a methyl donor. Dithiothreitol protected the sulfhydryl groups in the membrane and caused a concentration- and time-dependent(More)
Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) kinase and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) kinase have been studied in a purified sarcolemmal fraction isolated from rat heart. Both enzymes were Mg2−-dependent and their activities were maximal at 2.5 mM Mg2+ and pH 7.5. Kinetic analysis of endogenous substrate phosphorylation by ATP showed that the apparent Km and(More)