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Lethal disease due to hepatic periportal fibrosis occurs in 2%-10% of subjects infected by Schistosoma mansoni in endemic regions such as Sudan. It is unknown why few infected individuals present with severe disease, and inherited factors may play a role in fibrosis development. Schistosoma mansoni infection levels have been shown to be controlled by a(More)
Abnormal fibrosis occurs during chronic hepatic inflammations and is the principal cause of death in hepatitis C virus and schistosome infections. Hepatic fibrosis (HF) may develop either slowly or rapidly in schistosome-infected subjects. This depends, in part, on a major genetic control exerted by genes of chromosome 6q23. A gene (connective tissue growth(More)
AIMS In patients of Black African ethnicity, breast cancer is reportedly characterized by aggressive, poorly differentiated phenotype(s). To highlight possible differences between breast cancer in indigenous sub-Saharan African and European patients, two breast cancer case series, from Central Sudan (Khartoum) and Northern Italy (Milan), were compared for(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) deregulation is a hallmark of human cancer. However, the mechanisms underlying miRNA alteration and the specific role of proteins involved in miRNA processing remains to be elucidated. Dicer is a key enzyme in the miRNA processing pathway that is essential for the production of mature miRNAs from their precursors. We tested the hypothesis(More)
Lethal disease in Schistosoma mansoni infections is mostly due to portal hypertension caused by hepatic periportal fibrosis. To evaluate the factors that may determine severe disease, livers and spleens were examined by ultrasound in a Sudanese population living in a village where S. mansoni is endemic. Early (FI), moderate (FII), or advanced (FIII)(More)
We showed previously that infection by Schistosoma mansoni not only triggers the production of reactive oxygen species in mouse liver but also leads to the alteration of antioxidant defences. To determine whether such events occur in humans, we measured the serum markers of oxidative stress, i.e., lipid peroxides and protein carbonyl, as well as hyaluronate(More)
The present day distribution of Y chromosomes bearing the haplogroup J1 M267(*)G variant has been associated with different episodes of human demographic history, the main one being the diffusion of Islam since the Early Middle Ages. To better understand the modes and timing of J1 dispersals, we reconstructed the genealogical relationships among 282(More)
The Sudan, the largest and most diverse country in Africa, is experiencing a growing cancer problem, but little is presently known on tumor patterns, cancer epidemiology and ethnic or environmental cancer risk factors. We review here the current status of knowledge, summarizing data from local and international publications as well as primary information(More)
AIMS MicroRNA deregulation is a key feature of cancer; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying deregulation are unknown. Dicer is a central enzyme in microRNA processing essential for production of mature microRNAs which, in turn, regulate gene expression post-transcription. The aim was to investigate whether Dicer expression in colorectal cancer(More)
The etiology of breast cancer in Africa is scarcely investigated. Breast cancer was responsible for 456/2,233 cancer patients (20.4%) ascertained between 1999 and 2004 at Gezira University, Central Sudan. Male breast cancer accounted for 16/456 patients (3.5%), 275/440 female patients (62.5%) were premenopausal and 150/440 cases (34%) occurred in women with(More)