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BACKGROUND Type-2 diabetes mellitus and its complication are becoming more prevalent in Ethiopia. Evidence abound that the most important predictor of reduction of morbidity and mortality due to diabetes complication is the level of glycemic control achieved. AIMS The aim is to assess adherence to anti diabetic drug therapy and self management practice(More)
BACKGROUND To benefit from therapy and to avoid contracting treatment resistant strains, the individuals must adhere to medications. AIM The study was designed to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants in patients living with HIV/AIDS and TB comorbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the degree(More)
Catha edulis (khat) is a plant grown commonly in the horn of Africa. The leaves of khat are chewed by the people for its stimulant action. Its young buds and tender leaves are chewed to attain a state of euphoria and stimulation. Khat is an evergreen shrub, which is cultivated as a bush or small tree. The leaves have an aromatic odor. The taste is(More)
objective Oral Candidiasis is the most common HIV related oral lesion. Most patients are infected with a strain originally present as a commensal of the oral cavity. The chronic use of antifungal agents, in the treatment of candidiasis mainly in HIV/AIDS patients leads to the selection of strain resistant to this therapy. The objective of this study was to(More)
The safety and efficacy of a pharmaceutical dosage form can be guaranteed when its quality is reliable. The efficacy of pharmaceutical dosage forms generally depends on their formulation properties, and manufacturing methods, hence it is likely that the quality of dosage form may vary. The aim was to evaluate the quality of paracetamol tablet marketed in(More)
BACKGROUND Medication-taking behavior, specifically non-adherence, is significantly associated with treatment outcome and is a major cause of relapse in the treatment of psychotic disorders. Non-adherence can be multifactorial; however, the rates and associated risk factors in an Ethiopian population have not yet been elucidated. The principal aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has markedly decreased the morbidity and mortality due to HIV disease. However, toxicities, comorbidity, pregnancy, and treatment failure, among others, would result in frequent initial HAART regimen change. AIM The study was designed to assess the causes of initial highly active antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the widely used drugs and are often used by pregnant women. However, they can have significant teratogenic effects. The aim of the study was to investigate pregnant women's knowledge about NSAIDs use during pregnancy and their perception and consumption pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is the selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat selfrecognised illnesses or symptoms and an important initial response to illnesses if successfully used. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among Medical Sciences Faculty students of Jimma University. METHODS:(More)
Administration of therapeutic injection is among the most frequently performed medical procedures in the healthcare sector. Most of the injections are unnecessary, ineffective or inappropriate and result in transmission of infectious disease. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and perception of the patients and health care providers of(More)