Nasim Foroughi

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CONTEXT Osteoarthritis (OA) is a musculoskeletal disorder primarily affecting the older population and resulting in chronic pain and disability. Biomechanical variables, associated with OA severity such as external knee adduction moment (KAM) and joint malalignment, may affect the disease process by altering the bone-on-bone forces during gait. OBJECTIVE(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate the relationship between knee adduction moment and knee adduction angular impulse and meniscus, cartilage and bone morphology in women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD Forty-five women aged >40 years with OA in at least one knee, according to American College of Rheumatology clinical(More)
Lower limb dynamic alignment represents the limb position during functional loading conditions and obtains valuable information throughout the gait cycle rather than a single instant in time. This study aims to determine whether dynamic alignment is altered in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and how dynamic alignment is related to knee adduction moment(More)
BACKGROUND The extent to which mental and physical exercise may slow cognitive decline in adults with early signs of cognitive impairment is unknown. This article provides the rationale and methodology of the first trial to investigate the isolated and combined effects of cognitive training (CT) and progressive resistance training (PRT) on general cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis is a common musculo-skeletal problem accompanied with muscle weakness. Muscle weakness may be readily improved by resistance training. Greater muscle strength has been associated with a lower knee joint loading rate. METHODS We conducted a single-blind randomized controlled trial of 54 female patients with osteoarthritis in at(More)
BACKGROUND Arm lymphedema is routinely assessed by clinicians and researchers, using arm circumference measurements. A protocol was developed for measuring arm circumference independent of medically trained professionals. The aim of this project was to assess the protocol's inter-rater reliability and its coherence with perometry measures. METHODS AND(More)
Physical and cognitive exercise may prevent or delay dementia in later life but the neural mechanisms underlying these therapeutic benefits are largely unknown. We examined structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain changes after 6 months of progressive resistance training (PRT), computerized cognitive training (CCT) or combined(More)
BACKGROUND we hypothesised that high intensity progressive resistance training would improve lower limb dynamic alignment and function (lower knee adduction moment, increased muscle strength, and fewer knee osteoarthritis symptoms). METHODS women (n=54) with osteoarthritis in at least one knee were randomised into a 6-month resistance training or a(More)
OBJECTIVE Meniscus tears are often presumed to be associated with a traumatic event, but they can also occur as a result of the cartilage degeneration process in osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this paper is to describe the prevalence and clinical correlates of degenerative meniscus tears in women with knee OA. METHOD The subjects were women screened for(More)
BACKGROUND Upper limb lymphedema is a possible consequence of the treatment for breast cancer. Accurate detection of swelling is important in implementing appropriate treatment. Currently used diagnostic cut-offs for excess volume have been chosen for ease of use and are not based on normative differences. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine(More)