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Prompt membrane permeabilization is a requisite for liposomes designed for local stimuli-induced intravascular release of therapeutic payloads. Incorporation of a small amount (i.e., 5 molar percent) of an unsaturated phospholipid, such as dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC), accelerates near infrared (NIR) light-triggered doxorubicin release in(More)
An ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (UPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of four β-lactam antibiotics (amoxicillin, ampicillin, cefotaxime, and cefoperazone) and two β-lactamase inhibitors (tazobactam, sulbactam) in bovine milk. The analytes were extracted with water from bovine milk and(More)
Cationic liposomes have been used for targeted drug delivery to tumor blood vessels, via mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. Doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded liposomes were prepared that incorporate a cationic lipid; 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP), along with a small amount of porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP). Near-infrared (NIR) light caused(More)
Intratumoral (IT) drug injections reduce systemic toxicity, but delivered volumes and distribution can be inconsistent. To improve IT delivery paradigms, porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) liposomes are passively loaded with three hydrophilic cargos: sulforhodamine B, a fluorophore; gadolinium-gadopentetic acid, a magnetic resonance (MR) agent; and oxaliplatin, a(More)
Lipids are emerging as key regulators of fundamental cellular processes including cell survival, division, and death. Apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death, is accompanied by numerous membrane-related phenotypic changes. However, we have an incomplete understanding of the involvement of specific lipid structures during this process. Here, we report(More)
Lipids are a diverse class of biomolecules. The biosynthesis and transport of these molecules are controlled by a considerable number of proteins, which facilitate spatiotemporal regulation of lipids during different fundamental cellular processes. Although lipids are traditionally considered as molecules for energy storage and as structural components of(More)
Triacylglycerols (TAGs) are one of the major constituents of the glycerolipid family. Their main role in cells is to store excess fatty acids, and they are mostly found within lipid droplets. TAGs contain acyl chains that vary in length and degree of unsaturation, resulting in hundreds of chemically distinct species. We have previously reported that TAGs(More)
Apoptosis is accompanied by distinct morphological changes at the plasma and organelle membrane level. Involvement of certain lipids in apoptosis has been established; however, we have limited understanding of the specific lipid structures that participate in this process. We used untargeted comparative lipidomics to study the changes in lipid composition(More)
Necroptosis is a form of regulated cell death that is linked to various human diseases. Distinct membrane-related, thus lipid-dependent, alterations take place during necroptosis. However, little is known about the roles of specific lipids in this process. We used an untargeted LC-MS-based approach to reveal that distinct lipid species are regulated at the(More)
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