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This article represents the proceedings of a workshop at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were Geoffrey M. Thiele and Simon Worrall. The presentations were (1) The chemistry of malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) adducts, by Dean J. Tuma; (2) The formation and clearance of MAA adducts in ethanol-fed rats, by Simon Worrall; (3) Immune(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is becoming a well-known local therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is expected to enhance the effects of subsequent RFA by reducing arterial blood flow. However, the long-term efficacy of this combined therapy has not been elucidated. In this study, the survival(More)
PURPOSE We studied the sonographic appearance of the anterior liver surface using an ultrasound scanner equipped with a 7.5-MHz annular-array transducer to determine the accuracy of this imaging modality in monitoring the course of chronic liver diseases. METHODS We prospectively evaluated patterns of the liver surface in the sonograms of 77 consecutive(More)
We have speculated that the degree of liver dysfunction in alcoholic liver disease with ALDH2*1/2*2 may be less pronounced than that with ALDH2*1/2*1. In the present study, outpatients with alcoholic liver injury were examined for ALDH2 genotype and biochemical data. The number of patients was 29 cases of nonspecific changes, 16 cases of fatty liver, 5(More)
To clarify the impact of adherence, we treated 122 genotype 1 high viral titer chronic hepatitis C patients with pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) and ribavirin for 48 weeks at nine referral hospitals, and evaluated the prognostic factors with a focus on the adherence to the treatment. This study included 68 (55.7%) treatment-naïve patients and 54 (44.3%)(More)
We prepared low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-acetaldehyde-adduct (hereafter abbreviated as LDL-adduct) and anti-LDL-adduct antibody by using Watanabe hyperlipidemic rabbits, and determined values of serum anti-LDL-adduct antibody levels by the ELISA method in healthy adults and patients with alcoholic liver injury. In the nondrinking group in healthy adults,(More)
We recently detected an annular ulcer thought to have been caused by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) when we performed small bowel capsule endoscopy on a patient with suspected small-bowel bleeding and a history of frequent use of oral NSAIDs. The patient was a 64-year-old woman who complained of bloody stools and abdominal pain. The annular(More)
AIM   The optimal ribavirin dose in the treatment of patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 remains to be elucidated. We aimed to seek the optimal ribavirin dose required for this genotype in a randomized trial. METHODS   We compared the efficacy and tolerability of the 24-week peginterferon α-2b (1.5 µg/kg/week) therapy in combination(More)
AIM We conducted a trial to evaluate whether eight-week oral administration of meloxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, would decrease the rate of the patients who required dose reduction of pegylated interferon alpha-2a in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. METHODS Sixty patients given weekly subcutaneous administration of pegylated(More)