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PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnostic ability of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCEI) in combination with T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) for the detection of prostate cancer using 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a phased-array body coil. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-three patients with elevated serum levels of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of integrated positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose with IV contrast for depiction of suspected recurrent ovarian cancer and to assess the impact of PET/contrast-enhanced CT findings on clinical management, compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate serial CT changes from normal or near-normal lungs to honeycomb lungs in dust-exposed patients who developed chronic interstitial pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS From the records of the national hospital for pneumoconiosis, we retrospectively identified patients with chronic interstitial pneumonia who(More)
OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography (PET) using (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D -glucose (FDG) has a limitation in detecting cerebral metastases; however, the feasibility of detection by inline PET/computed tomography (CT) system remains unknown. We evaluated the accuracy of FDG-PET/CT of body imaging protocol for the detection of cerebral metastases when(More)
BACKGROUND Long-course prednisolone regimens have been shown to be more effective than short-course regimens in sustaining remission of nephrotic syndrome in children. However, the most beneficial approach among the long-course regimens remains unknown. METHODS Seventy-three children with new-onset nephrotic syndrome were allocated at random to the two(More)
PURPOSE The aim of our study was to evaluate the accuracy of integrated positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) with IV contrast for depiction of suspected recurrent colorectal cancer and to assess the impact of PET/contrast-enhanced CT findings on clinical management compared with(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) often have metabolic disorders including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We clarified the predictive factors in glucose metabolism for progression of hepatic fibrosis in patients with NAFLD by the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test(More)
Negative psychological characteristics have been recognized as independent risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of depression and anxiety on cardiac autonomic function and endothelial function in healthy elderly subjects. Forty-six healthy elderly volunteers (mean age 60.8 years) were enrolled(More)
Individuals exposed to fibrogenic mineral dust may exhibit an impaired antioxidant system and produce high levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species through immune cells, contributing to the perturbation of immune cell function, inflammation, fibrosis and lung cancer. The lung diseases which are caused by inhalation of fibrogenic mineral dust, known as(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the relationship between glucose metabolic factors and the histological severity in NAFLD patients before development of T2DM is not well known. METHODS In 103 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients (68 men and 35(More)