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RATIONALE The overall efficacy of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children is unknown. Although success rates are likely lower than previously estimated, factors that promote incomplete resolution of OSAS after AT remain undefined. OBJECTIVES To quantify the effect of demographic and clinical confounders(More)
Ventilatory responses to hypoxia are critically dependent on the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors in adult rats. To investigate the role of NMDA receptors during development, we measured minute ventilation (V E) in 5-d, 10-d, and 15-d-old intact, freely behaving rat pups, using whole-body plethysmography during breathing of room(More)
Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. The effect of maternal smoking on apnea and arousal patterns in preterm infants is currently unknown. Multichannel polysomnographic studies were performed in preterm infants. Thirty infants were enrolled into the study: 16 exposed prenatally to(More)
Glutamatergic transmission within the nucleus tractus solitarii (nTS) is critical to full expression of hypoxia-induced cardiorespiratory responses in the rat. To further examine the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) glutamate receptors in these responses, double-labeling studies of(More)
In the nucleus tractus solitarii, NMDA glutamate receptors are critical to the hypoxic ventilatory response. However, the signal transduction pathways underlying the hypoxic ventilatory response remain undefined. To assess the effect of a moderate hypoxic stimulus (10% O2) on tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the nucleus tractus solitarii, tissue(More)
Sleep disorders significantly affect the lives of children with epilepsy. Limited data exist about provider practices concerning detection and correct diagnosis of sleep problems in epilepsy. The authors conducted this study to identify and correlate sleep screening methods, referral practices, referral reasons and final sleep diagnoses. They identified(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess potential relationships between serum iron and ferritin levels and the severity of periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS) in a pediatric population, and to evaluate the response to supplemental iron therapy. DESIGN A prospective study of all consecutively diagnosed children with PLMS (periodic limb movement index [periodic limb(More)
During the first year of life, infants spend most of their time in the sleeping state. Assessment of sleep during infancy presents an opportunity to study the impact of sleep on the maturation of the central nervous system (CNS), overall functioning, and future cognitive, psychomotor, and temperament development. To assess what is currently known regarding(More)
NF-kappaB, an ubiquitous transcription factor which plays a major role in the regulation of stress-related genes, is activated during environmental hypoxia in the dorsocaudal brainstem of adult rats. To examine the developmental pattern of NF-kappaB basal activity in the brainstem and the response to hypoxia, electromobility shift assays and(More)
The developmental role of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) glutamate receptors in respiratory regulation remains undefined. To study this issue, minute ventilation (V(E)) was measured in 5-, 10-, and 15-day-old intact freely behaving rat pups using whole body plethysmography during room air (RA), hypercapnic (5% CO(2)), and(More)