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RATIONALE The overall efficacy of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children is unknown. Although success rates are likely lower than previously estimated, factors that promote incomplete resolution of OSAS after AT remain undefined. OBJECTIVES To quantify the effect of demographic and clinical confounders(More)
Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. The effect of maternal smoking on apnea and arousal patterns in preterm infants is currently unknown. Multichannel polysomnographic studies were performed in preterm infants. Thirty infants were enrolled into the study: 16 exposed prenatally to(More)
Previous studies have shown that sleep complaints are common in adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, there is very little data on sleep in children and adolescents with CF and the association with severity of lung disease. A prospective study was conducted in CF children and age-matched controls. All patients completed sleep questionnaire and(More)
Ventilatory responses to hypoxia are critically dependent on the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors in adult rats. To investigate the role of NMDA receptors during development, we measured minute ventilation (V E) in 5-d, 10-d, and 15-d-old intact, freely behaving rat pups, using whole-body plethysmography during breathing of room(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in adults with epilepsy, especially refractory, but limited data exist in children with epilepsy. AIMS We conducted a prospective pilot study in children with epilepsy to identify the prevalence of OSA and its relationship to the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and epilepsy types. METHODS We used(More)
Glutamatergic transmission within the nucleus tractus solitarii (nTS) is critical to full expression of hypoxia-induced cardiorespiratory responses in the rat. To further examine the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) glutamate receptors in these responses, double-labeling studies of(More)
Sleep-related breathing disruptions in children with epilepsy are common and can range from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to significant morbidity. This study aimed to identify factors associated with its occurrence and severity in children with epilepsy. Children with epilepsy and sleep disruption(More)
In the nucleus tractus solitarii, NMDA glutamate receptors are critical to the hypoxic ventilatory response. However, the signal transduction pathways underlying the hypoxic ventilatory response remain undefined. To assess the effect of a moderate hypoxic stimulus (10% O2) on tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the nucleus tractus solitarii, tissue(More)
Sleep disorders significantly affect the lives of children with epilepsy. Limited data exist about provider practices concerning detection and correct diagnosis of sleep problems in epilepsy. The authors conducted this study to identify and correlate sleep screening methods, referral practices, referral reasons and final sleep diagnoses. They identified(More)
The neuromodulator systems mediating the central component of the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) during development are complex and diverse. The early component of the HVR is mediated through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptors in the caudal brainstem. The intracellular downstream signal transductions of the NMDA receptors involve protein(More)