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Parasite infection of Opisthorchis viverrini is a major risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma. Our previous immunohistochemical studies showed that O. viverrini infection induced oxidative DNA lesions in the bile duct epithelium during cholangiocarcinoma development. The current study assessed the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), an(More)
Postmortem tissues are frequently used in forensic investigation, clinical studies, and biomedical research. It is well known that the shorter period from death to analyses provides the more accurate results. However, the longest postmortem interval that still provides the reliable data remains unclear. We performed serial analyses of postmortem changes in(More)
Surgical resection is the gold standard treatment and is considered the only potential cure for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). However, most of the patients present at a late stage of disease and positive margins are frequently encountered. Therefore, adjuvant therapeutic modalities, such as chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are needed to improve the survival(More)
The impact of different carcinogenic exposures on the specific patterns of somatic mutation in human tumors remains unclear. To address this issue, we profiled 209 cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs) from Asia and Europe, including 108 cases caused by infection with the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini and 101 cases caused by non-O. viverrini-related etiologies.(More)
Opisthorchis viverrini infection induces chronic inflammation in the bile ducts, leading to periductal fibrosis (PDF), which possibly associates to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Patients with CCA have a poor prognosis, which is linked to asymptomatic disease and late diagnosis. Hence, detecting early stage CCA is essential. Secretory miRNAs have been promoted(More)
BACKGROUND The Khon Kaen Cancer Registry (KKCR), having both hospital and population-based registration, was established in 1984 at the Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University. Liver cancer is the most frequent malignancy among Thais from northeastern Thailand, but there has hitherto been no assessment of trends over time. OBJECTIVE To perform a(More)
BACKGROUND Up-regulation of vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression has been shown in several tumors and is thought to represent an important endogenous response to tumor progression. The authors aimed to verify the expression of VDR and its clinical significance in histologically proven cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). METHODS The antiproliferative activity of(More)
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is pathologically activated in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Here, we determined the expression profile as well as biological role of activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling in CCA. The quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that Wnt3a, Wnt5a, and Wnt7b mRNA were significantly higher in CCA(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a high metastatic cancer with no effective treatment. Here, the pro-metastatic action of tissue macrophages in CCA is demonstrated and suggested as a prognostic marker and novel target for the therapeutic intervention of CCA. Fifty CCA tissues were immunohistochemically stained with a marker for reactive/infiltrating(More)
Chronic inflammation as a risk factor for cancer development is driven in part by monocyte/macrophages, which in many cancers exhibit pro-tumorigenic activity. In this study we identified elevation in CD14(+) CD16(+) , a minor blood monocyte subpopulation in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) patients, compared to normal and biliary disease patient specimens. Tumour(More)