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Supportive social interactions may be protective against stressors and certain mental and physical illness, while social isolation may be a powerful stressor. Prairie voles are socially monogamous rodents that model some of the behavioral and physiological traits displayed by humans, including sensitivity to social isolation. Neuroendocrine and behavioral(More)
CNNT. There was a good correlation between bioactivity and binding affinity to AR for the 7alpha-substituted androgens compared to T. In contrast, relative to their binding affinity to AR, the androgenic potency of DHT and 19-NT was lower compared to T. The reason for the lower in vivo androgenic activity of 19-NT is attributable to its enzymatic conversion(More)
Synthetic androgens exhibit estrogenic/antiestrogenic and progestational activities in addition to their androgenic effects. To investigate the pharmacological action of the synthetic androgen, 7alpha-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT), we examined its action in female rodents. The criteria employed for estrogenic/antiestrogenic effects were, uterine weight(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential action of Nestorone (alone or in combination with estradiol valerate) on the level of allopregnanolone and of the opioid beta-endorphin in selected brain areas. Wistar ovariectomized rats were given 0.05 mg/(kg day) of estradiol valerate (E2V) or subcutaneous Nestorone at three dose levels: low dose(More)
Nestorone(R) (Nestorone 16-methylene-17alpha-acetoxy-19-norpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione), formerly referred to as ST 1435, is a potent progestin when given parenterally via sustained release formulations. The pharmacological profile of Nestorone was compared with that of levonorgestrel and 3-keto-desogestrel by steroid receptor binding studies and by in vivo(More)
Behavioral and endocrine effects of a synthetic androgen, 7 alpha-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT), which is not 5 alpha-reduced to dihydrotestosterone, were compared to those of testosterone in two inbred strains of male mice, C57BL/6J and DBA/2J, in two experiments. In the first experiment, seminal vesicle (SV) weights, kidney weights, and circulating(More)
Testosterone, the principal androgen secreted by Leydig cells, exerts a wide range of actions including growth of the male reproductive tract (androgenic effects) and growth of non-reproductive tissues such as muscle, kidney, liver, and salivary gland (anabolic effects). As androgenic steroids were discovered some were found to have relatively more anabolic(More)
A method for the measurement of 7 alpha-methyl-19-nortestosterone (7MENT) in serum/plasma by radioimmunoassay (RIA) is described. The antiserum, raised against 7 alpha-methyl-19-nortestosterone-3-O-oxime-bovine serum albumin, had a low titer (final dilution = 1:4500) and low affinity (Ka = 1.17 x 10(9) l/mol) but showed little or no cross-reactivity with(More)
The progestational activity of second- and third-generation progestins in oral contraceptives were markedly increased by addition of an 18-methyl group. A new progestin, the 18-methyl analog of Nestorone, 16-methylene-17alpha-hydroxy-18-methyl-19-norpregn-4-ene-3,2 0-dione acetate (10), was synthesized. The relative binding affinity and biologic activity of(More)
Rats have very high endogenous levels of serum carboxylesterase (CAE) compared to primates. This difference accounts for the lower sensitivity of rats to toxic organophosphates, which interact with CAE instead of the more critical acetylcholinesterase. Pretreatment of rats with CAE inhibitors potentiates the effects of organophosphates. In this study, the(More)