Naritoshi Shirata

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The prostaglandin (PG) receptors EP4 and FP have the potential to exert negative effects on adipogenesis, but the exact contribution of endogenous PG-driven receptor signaling to this process is not fully understood. In this study, we employed an adipocyte differentiation system from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) and compared the effects of each PG(More)
To understand physiological roles of tissue mast cells, we established a culture system where bone marrow-derived immature mast cells differentiate into the connective tissue-type mast cell (CTMC)-like cells through modifying the previous co-culture system with Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. Our system was found to reproducibly mimic the differentiation of CTMCs on(More)
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI-2) is a component of the slit diaphragm (SD) of glomerular podocytes. Here, we investigated the podocyte-specific function of MAGI-2 using newly generated podocyte-specific MAGI-2-knockout (MAGI-2-KO) mice. Compared with podocytes from wild-type mice, podocytes from MAGI-2-KO mice exhibited SD(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that IgE-mediated activation of mast cells occurs even in the absence of antigen, which is referred to as "monomeric IgE" responses. Although monomeric IgE was found to induce a wide variety of responses, such as up-regulation of the FcepsilonRI, survival, cytokine production, histamine synthesis, and adhesion to fibronectin,(More)
By using the recently established culture system that reproduces the terminal differentiation process of connective tissue-type mast cells, we found significant transcriptional induction of CD44. As CD44 is a primary receptor for hyaluronan (HA), which is one of the major extracellular matrix components, we investigated the role of CD44 in cutaneous mast(More)
PGE2 has long been known as a potentiator of acute inflammation, but its mechanisms of action still remain to be defined. In this study, we employed inflammatory swelling induced in mice by arachidonate and PGE2 as models and dissected the role and mechanisms of action of each EP receptor at the molecular level. Arachidonate- or PGE2-induced vascular(More)
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