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The side-arm domain of neurofilament heavy-chain (NF-H) is heavily phosphorylated in axons. Much of this phosphate is located within a multiphosphorylation repeat (MPR) domain situated toward the carboxy terminus of the molecule. The MPR domain contains the repeat motif KSP of which there are two broad categories, KSPXX and KSPXK. In mouse NF-H, the KSPXK(More)
Neurofilaments comprise three subunit proteins; neurofilament light, middle and heavy chains (NF-L, NF-M and NF-H). The carboxy-terminal domains of NF-M and NF-H form side-arms that project from the filament and that of NF-H contains multiple repeats of the motif lys-ser-pro, the serines of which are targets for phosphorylation. The level of phosphorylation(More)
N52 is a widely used monoclonal antibody reported to recognise both phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated forms of neurofilament (NF)-H. N52 is therefore classified as a phosphorylation-independent-type antibody. N52 is strongly reactive with NF-H in COS cells transfected with NF-H alone but co-transfection of NF-H with the neurofilament kinase cdk-5 and(More)
  • N P Bajaj
  • 2000
Cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (CDK5) is a serine-threonine protein kinase that has been implicated in a number of physiological processes in nerve and muscle cells, including neurogenesis, neuritic outgrowth, axonal transport of membrane-bound organelles and myogenesis. CDK5 has also been shown to phosphorylate the important cytoskeletal proteins, neurofilament(More)
We have studied the distribution of cyclin dependent kinase-5 (cdk-5) within spinal cord in sporadic and two superoxide dismutase type 1 (SOD1) familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although most neurofilament accumulations in ALS motor neurones did not appear to contain high levels of cdk-5, intense cdk-5 immunoreactivity was observed in(More)
1. Accumulations of phosphorylated neurofilaments are seen in affected motor neurones in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). 2. The authors demonstrate that cyclin dependent kinase-5 (cdk-5) will induce cellular phosphorylation of neurofilament heavy chain side-arms to generate epitopes for several antibodies that label these neurofilament accumulations.(More)
Both acute transverse myelitis (ATM) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) occur as rare associations with mumps viraemia but to our knowledge, concurrent ATM and GBS related to mumps has only been reported once previously. We describe the case of a young woman presenting with confusion and collapse 2 weeks after a flu-like illness. An initial diagnosis of(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is an important cause of refractory epilepsy in humans. The origin of its pathognomonic abnormal cell types and the links between abnormal cell morphology and epileptogenicity remain unknown. The developmentally-regulated kinase cdk5 and its neuronal activator p35 are known to be central to a number of key components in(More)
31 year old man was referred with prolonged loss of vision after a typical migraine attack. His usual migraine attacks consisted of a left sided headache preceded by nausea and vomiting and a visual aura of coloured and flashing lights in both visual fields. Visual loss after his migraines could last up to one hour. The frequency of his headaches had(More)