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Mammalian thioredoxin reductases (TrxR) are important selenium-dependent antioxidant enzymes. Quinones, a wide group of natural substances, human drugs, and environmental pollutants may act either as TrxR substrates or inhibitors. Here we systematically analyzed the interactions of TrxR with different classes of quinone compounds. We found that TrxR(More)
Rat liver DT-diaphorase (EC 1.6.99.2) catalyzed reductive N-denitration of tetryl (2,4,6-tri-nitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine) and 2,4-dinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine, oxidizing the excess of NADPH. The reactions were accompanied by oxygen consumption and superoxide dismutase-sensitive reduction of added cytochrome c and reductive release of Fe2+ from(More)
The mechanisms of cytotoxicity of polynitroaromatic explosives, an important group of environmental pollutants, remain insufficiently studied so far. We have found that the rate constants of single-electron enzymatic reduction, and the enthalpies of single-electron reduction of nitroaromatic compounds (DeltaHf(ArNO(2)(-*)), obtained by quantum mechanical(More)
The steady-state kinetics of oxidation of rat liver NADPH: cytochrome P450 reductase (EC 1.6.2.4) by quinones, aromatic nitrocompounds, ferricyanide, Fe(EDTA)-, and cytochrome c has been studied. The logarithms of bimolecular rate constants of reduction (kcat/Km) of quinones and nitrocompounds increase with the increase in their single-electronreduction(More)
We aimed to elucidate the role of electronic and structural parameters of nitroaromatic compounds in their two-electron reduction by NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1, DT-diaphorase, EC 1.6.99.2). The multiparameter regression analysis shows that the reactivity of nitroaromatic compounds (n=38) increases with an increase in their single-electron(More)
In the last ten years, there has been an important increase in interest in quercetin action as a unique antioxidant, but its putative role in numerous prooxidant effects is also being continually updated. The mechanism underlying this undesirable ability seems to involve its metabolic oxidoreductive activation. Based on the structural properties of(More)
BACKGROUND SecTRAPs (selenium compromised thioredoxin reductase-derived apoptotic proteins) can be formed from the selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) by targeting of its selenocysteine (Sec) residue with electrophiles, or by its removal through C-terminal truncation. SecTRAPs are devoid of thioredoxin reductase activity but can induce rapid cell(More)
Here we described novel interactions of the mammalian selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with nitroaromatic environmental pollutants and drugs. We found that TrxR could catalyze nitroreductase reactions with either one- or two-electron reduction, using its selenocysteine-containing active site and another redox active center, presumably the FAD.(More)
Nitrofurans with aromatic and heterocyclic substituents inhibit Trypanosoma congolense trypanothione reductase (TR) and yeast glutathione reductase (GR), acting as uncompetitive inhibitors vs. NADPH and noncompetitive or uncompetitive inhibitors vs. disulfide substrate. Many of these compounds inhibited trypanothione reductase more efficiently than(More)
Enterobacter cloacae NAD(P)H:nitroreductase (NR; EC 1.6.99.7) catalyzes the reduction of a series of nitroaromatic compounds with steady-state bimolecular rate constants (kcat/Km) ranging from 10(4) to 10(7) M(-1) s(-1). In agreement with a previously proposed scheme of two-step four-electron reduction of nitroaromatics by NR (Koder, R. L., and Miller,(More)