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BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin (BT) injection reduces lower esophageal sphincter pressure and alleviates symptoms in idiopathic achalasia (IA). Ethanolamine oleate (EO) has also been introduced for the treatment of IA. We compared the long-term efficacy of BT and EO injections in the treatment of IA. METHODS A total of 189 IA patients were evaluated(More)
Idiopathic achalasia (IA) is a primary motor disorder of the esophagus. Recently, ethanolamine oleate (EO) has been introduced as a novel therapy in IA. We investigate the long-term efficacy of EO injection in the selected IA patients. Two hundred twenty patients with IA were evaluated prospectively. Thirty-one patients who were resistant to or poor(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Although Heller myotomy is one of the most effective treatments for achalasia, it may be associated with early or late symptom relapse in some patients. Therefore, additional treatment is required to achieve better control of symptoms. AIM To evaluate the safety and efficacy of pneumatic balloon dilation (PBD) in patients with(More)
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