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Obstructive sleep apnea is a chronic condition characterized by frequent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep. Its effect on nocturnal sleep quality and ensuing daytime fatigue and sleepiness are widely acknowledged. Increasingly, obstructive sleep apnea is also being recognized as an independent risk factor for several clinical consequences,(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep-disordered breathing is a common condition associated with adverse health outcomes including hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The overall objective of this study was to determine whether sleep-disordered breathing and its sequelae of intermittent hypoxemia and recurrent arousals are associated with mortality in a community sample of(More)
BACKGROUND Clinic-based observational studies in men have reported that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased incidence of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study was to assess the relation of obstructive sleep apnea to incident coronary heart disease and heart failure in a general community sample of adult men and women. (More)
The Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) is a comprehensive landmark study of sleep and its impacts on health outcomes. A primary metric of the SHHS is the in-home polysomnogram, which includes two electroencephalographic (EEG) channels for each subject, at two visits. The volume and importance of this data presents enormous challenges for analysis. To address(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been noted commonly in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but it is not known whether this is related directly to the treatment of kidney failure with HD or to the higher prevalence of obesity and older age. Forty-six HD patients were compared with 137 participants from the Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) who were matched for(More)
Neither the association between obstructive airways disease (OAD) and sleep apnea-hypopnea (SAH) nor the sleep consequences of each disorder alone and together have been characterized in an adult community setting. Our primary aims were (1) to determine if there is an association between OAD and SAH and (2) identify predictors of oxyhemoglobin desaturation(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing is a prevalent condition associated with impairment of daytime function and may predispose individuals to metabolic abnormalities independent of obesity. The primary objective of this study was to determine the metabolic consequences and community prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in mildly obese, but otherwise healthy,(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common condition with prevalence estimates of 2-4% in the general population. Epidemiological data suggest that SDB is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance are also well-recognized risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. A number of recent(More)
Spirometric measures of lung function are heritable traits that reflect respiratory health and predict morbidity and mortality. We meta-analyzed genome-wide association studies for two clinically important lung-function measures: forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV(1)) and its ratio to forced vital capacity (FEV(1)/FVC), an indicator of(More)