Naresh Chand

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Guinea pigs were sensitized and boostered with i.p. injections of ovalbumin (OA) 10 micrograms + Al(OH)3 100 mg. Thirteen days after the last injection animals (800-1100 g) were placed in bias flow ventilated whole body plethysmographs and allowed to stabilize for 2 h. Lung function was recorded for up to 2 h before and 5 h after aeroallergen challenge (OA(More)
Acetylcholine and bradykinin produced potent relaxation of isolated canine intrapulmonary arteries contracted by serotonin, norepinephrine, or phenylephrine-provided the endothelium was left intact. Selective mechanical destruction of the endothelium transformed the activity of these substances from vasodilatation to vasoconstriction. Acetylcholine-induced(More)
Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) has been demonstrated in young and adult domestic fowl using antisera obtained from actively sensitized chickens on the day of their maximal susceptibility to systemic anaphylaxis. Young chickens are more sensitive to histamine and PCA reaction than adults. The PCA reaction was inhibited by the H1-histamine receptor(More)
The distribution and classification of histamine receptors in mammalian and avian tissues have been summarized in Tables 1–4. It is evident that histamine receptors are present on a number of morphologically distinct cell types and the proportion of cells bearing H1- and H2-receptors varies not only with the species but also with the cell source. The(More)
Histamine, 2-methylhistamine (2-MeH: a relatively specific H1 receptor agonist), 5-HT, carbachol, bradykinin (BK) and PGF2alpha contract isolated cat pulmonary vein, artery and hepatic vein. PGE1, PGF2alpha and 4-methylhistamine (4-MeH: a relatively specific H2-receptor agonist) contract pulmonary arterial strips but further increase in the dose of PGE1(More)
Vascular (pulmonary and hepatic blood vessels) and nonvascular (gastro-intestinal, reproductive and respiratory systems) smooth muscle preparations obtained from specifically sensitized animals of numeroius species including man contract toi specific antigen in vitro (Schultz-Dale phenomenon). This immunopharmacological technique is a useful tool to(More)
In this study the effect of purified rat anti-mouse IL-5 monoclonal antibody on aeroallergen-induced infiltration of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of guinea pigs was studied. The i.p. injection of anti-IL-5 antibody 4 h after aeroallergen challenge inhibited eosinophil infiltration in a dose-dependent fashion. The resulting ED50 was 10(More)
The correlation between the antiasthma activity of azelastine and the concentrations of azelastine and its major metabolite, desmethylazelastine, in the blood and lung were investigated in guinea pigs. Blood and lung tissue samples collected at 15 min after aeroallergen (ovalbumin, 0.5 mg/ml, 30 s, 15 psi) challenge, i.e., 2-1/4 h after oral administration(More)