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Novelty choice, a visual paired-comparison task, for the fly Drosophila melanogaster is studied with severely restrained single animals in a flight simulator. The virtual environment simulates free flight for rotation in the horizontal plane. The behavior has three functional components: visual azimuth orientation, working memory, and pattern discrimination(More)
The use of steel – concrete composite elements in a multistoried building increases the speed of construction and reduces the overall cost. The optimum design of composite elements such as slabs, beams and columns can further reduce the cost of the building frame. In the present study, therefore, Genetic Algorithm (GA) based design optimization of steel(More)
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