Narendra B. Dahotre

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Often hard implants undergo detachment from the host tissue due to inadequate biocompatibility and poor osteointegration. Changing surface chemistry and physical topography of the surface influences biocompatibility. At present, the understanding of biocompatibility of both virgin and modified surfaces of bioimplant materials is limited and a great deal of(More)
In the present paper, we demonstrate the feasibility of depositing a tailored calcium phosphate (Ca-P) coating on a Ti-6Al-4V substrate by using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser system. Different textures were obtained by varying the laser spot overlap with change in laser traverse speed. Surface roughness measurements using laser confocal microscopy indicated a(More)
Surface-textured calcium phosphate coatings at four different length scales were synthesized on titanium-based alloys using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser system by a direct melting technique. The textures were obtained by varying the laser spot overlap with a change in laser traverse speed. Surface roughness measurements of the textured coatings carried out using a(More)
Metals, in addition to ceramics and polymers, are important class of materials considered for replacement of non-functional parts in the body. Stainless steel 316, titanium and titanium alloys, Co-Cr, and nitinol shape memory alloys are the most frequently used metallic materials. These alloys are prone to corrosion in various extents. This review briefly(More)
Laser surface melting (LSM) of Ti-6Al-4V is performed in argon to improve its properties, such as microstructure, corrosion, and wear for biomedical applications. Corrosion behavior is investigated by conducting electrochemical polarization experiments in simulated body fluid (Ringer's solution) at 37 C. Wear properties are evaluated in Ringer's solution(More)
Wear behavior of plasma-sprayed carbon nanotube (CNT)-reinforced hydroxyapatite (HA) coating is evaluated in the simulated body fluid environment. Apart from enhancing the fracture toughness and providing biocompatibility, CNT-reinforced HA coating demonstrated superior wear resistance compared with that of hydroxyapatite coating without CNT. Initiation and(More)
Laser surface processing was carried out in gaseous nitrogen atmosphere at ambient temperature. The laser scan speed was varied (50-150 cm/min) at constant power of 1500 watts and resulting changes such as microstructural evolution, hardness, and electrochemical response of modified surface in Ringer's physiological solution at varying pH were studied.(More)
The surface properties of biomedical implant materials control the dynamic interactions at tissue-implant interfaces. At such interfaces, if the nanoscale features influence protein interactions, those of the microscale and mesoscale aid cell orientation and provide tissue integration, respectively. It seems imperative that the synthetic materials expected(More)
Wettability at the surface of an implant material plays a key role in its success as it modulates the protein adsorption and thereby influences cell attachment and tissue integration at the interface. Hence, surface engineering of implantable materials to enhance wettability to physiological fluid under in vivo conditions is an area of active research. In(More)
Silicon (Si) substitution in the crystal structure of calcium phosphate (CaP) ceramics has proved to generate materials with improved bioactivity than their stoichiometric counterpart. In light of this, in the current work, 100 wt% hydroxyapatite (HA) precursor and 25 wt% SiO(2)-HA precursors were used to prepare bioactive coatings on Ti-6Al-4V substrates(More)