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BACKGROUND Facial expressions are important in facilitating human communication and interactions. Also, they are used as an important tool in behavioural studies and in medical rehabilitation. Facial image based mood detection techniques may provide a fast and practical approach for non-invasive mood detection. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Biological signals are complex and often require intelligent systems for recognition of characteristic signals. In order to improve the reliability of the recognition or automated diagnostic systems, hybrid fuzzy logic committee neural networks were developed and the system was used for recognition of swallow acceleration signals from artifacts. Two sets of(More)
Nonlinear analysis techniques are necessary to understand the complexity of the EMG. The purpose of the present study was to determine the fractal dimension of surface EMG obtained from the biceps brachii of normal subjects during isokinetic flexion-extension of the arm. The measurements were obtained with different loading conditions on the arm and for(More)
BACKGROUND In virtual reality (VR) systems, the user's finger and hand positions are sensed and used to control the virtual environments. Direct biocontrol of VR environments using surface electromyography (SEMG) signals may be more synergistic and unconstraining to the user. The purpose of the present investigation was to develop a technique to predict the(More)
Within the sphere of dysphagia management, there is a growing need for the development of noninvasive methods of quantification of swallowing disorders. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine if surface electromyogram (EMG) at the throat could be measured during swallowing. Surface EMG was measured from 35 normal human subjects during dry(More)
Identification of a patient at risk of aspiration is a major problem in the rehabilitation of the dysphagic patient. The present methods of diagnosis are based on clinical evaluation or videofluorography or fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES). Recently, we developed biomechanical techniques for noninvasive quantitative assessment of the(More)
Abnormal motion of the ankle-foot complex presents a major problem in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. These patients often develop drop foot, a problem involving excessive and uncontrolled plantar flexion. An ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) is prescribed to constrain and inhibit this abnormal motion. The purpose of this investigation was to simulate the(More)
Analysis of gene expression data provides an objective and efficient technique for sub-classification of leukemia. The purpose of the present study was to design a committee neural networks based classification systems to subcategorize leukemia gene expression data. In the study, a binary classification system was considered to differentiate acute(More)