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Dysphagia is a disorder of the swallowing mechanism and presents a major problem in the rehabilitation of stroke patients and head injured patients. The authors have identified several biomechanical parameters that characterize the oral musculature and have developed techniques to quantify these parameters in normal and dysphagic patients. These parameters(More)
BACKGROUND Facial expressions are important in facilitating human communication and interactions. Also, they are used as an important tool in behavioural studies and in medical rehabilitation. Facial image based mood detection techniques may provide a fast and practical approach for non-invasive mood detection. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Nonlinear analysis techniques are necessary to understand the complexity of the EMG. The purpose of the present study was to determine the fractal dimension of surface EMG obtained from the biceps brachii of normal subjects during isokinetic flexion-extension of the arm. The measurements were obtained with different loading conditions on the arm and for(More)
Biological signals are complex and often require intelligent systems for recognition of characteristic signals. In order to improve the reliability of the recognition or automated diagnostic systems, hybrid fuzzy logic committee neural networks were developed and the system was used for recognition of swallow acceleration signals from artifacts. Two sets of(More)
Proper understanding of the mechanisms of fluid absorption and flow through the terminal lymphatics is essential for the control of several pathological conditions such as edema, bedsores and cancer. A mathematical model of the terminal lymphatics was developed using the principles of mechanics. Computer simulation results substantiate the hypothesis that(More)
Growing importance of telesurgery has led to the need for the development of synergistic control of anthropomorphic teleoperators. Synergistic systems can be developed using direct biological control. The purpose of this study was to develop techniques for direct biocontrol of anthropomorphic teleoperators using surface electromyogram (EMG). A computer(More)
Security is a major problem in web based access or remote access to data bases. In the present study, the technique of committee neural networks was developed for speech based speaker verification. Speech data from the designated speaker and several imposters were obtained. Several parameters were extracted in the time and frequency domains, and fed to(More)
Mechanical stresses developed in the tissue during sitting or reclining could cause bedsores in paralyzed individuals. Cushions are usually prescribed to redistribute the stresses. Two two-dimensional physical models of the buttock were developed and used to study whether the stress distribution is different with round- and flat-base bone core geometries(More)
Lymphocytes which become sensitised at the periphery travel to the regional lymph nodes where they initiate an immunological response by increasing the production of immuno-competent lymphocytes. These lymphocytes migrate into the tissues via the blood stream and bring about the destruction of target cells. These notions, in the present analysis, are(More)