Narayanapillai Sreekumaran Nair

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OBJECTIVE To find out the prevalence and causes of hearing impairment among children of school-entry age, in rural areas of coastal south India. METHODS The study adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines viz., "The Prevalence of Ear and Hearing Disorders Protocol". A total of 855 children studying in the first year of school were examined(More)
A large scale community-based study in South Kanara district of Karnataka state, India has revealed that, despite a low infant mortality rate (IMR), there is a clear association between IMR and lack of antenatal care (ANC) as well as IMR and poor quality ANC. We analyse the factors which determine the utilization of ANC and show the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer being one of the leading cancers among women in developing countries, prevention or identification of the disease at an early stage is of paramount importance in saving as well as improving the quality of life. Breast health awareness appears to be a pragmatic method for this. OBJECTIVE To determine the acceptability and(More)
A community based study was conducted in the rural areas of Udupi taluk, Karnataka state of South India to identify the socio-demographic, maternal and obstetric determinants of low birth weight. All singleton live births that occurred in the study area during a one year period (October 1991 to September 1992) were included. A total of 2919 singleton(More)
BACKGROUND Haemoglobinopathies, inherited disorders of haemoglobin synthesis (thalassaemia) or structure (sickle cell disease), are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The WHO estimates that, globally, 5% of adults are carriers of a haemoglobin condition, 2.9% are carriers of thalassaemia and 2.3% are carriers of sickle(More)
BACKGROUND Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common medical problem in pregnancy. Parenteral iron is a useful treatment, although iron dextran use decreased due to anaphylaxis. Iron sucrose is a newer agent that has overcome the shortcomings of iron dextran. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerance of intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE A cross sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, KMC, Manipal to find out the prevalence of goitre among school children in the age group of 8-10 years. METHODS A total of 722 children were selected from the study population by the method of probability proportion to size (PPS)(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a prevalent disease among adults in India. This study aims to find prevalence and risk factors for asthma among Indian women aged 15 to 49 based on Indian National Family Health Survey-3. METHODS Prevalence of asthma was reported per 1,000 women among individual- and household-level variables. Chi-square test was used as test of(More)
BACKGROUND During pregnancy, a Rhesus-negative (Rh-negative) woman may develop antibodies if her fetus is Rh-positive, which can cause fetal morbidity or mortality in following pregnancies, if untreated. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of administering anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig) after spontaneous miscarriage in a Rh-negative woman, with no anti-D(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity trends for a lower-middle income country like India suggest a gradual decline in work related physical activity and no concomitant increase in leisure time physical activity. Perceived health benefits of physical activity and intention to increase physical activity have been established as independent correlates of physical(More)