Nara I. Muraro

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Homeostatic regulation of ionic currents is of paramount importance during periods of synaptic growth or remodeling. Our previous work has identified the translational repressor Pumilio (Pum) as a regulator of sodium current (I(Na)) and excitability in Drosophila motoneurons. In this current study, we show that Pum is able to bind directly the mRNA encoding(More)
Diversity in neuronal signaling is a product not only of differential gene expression, but also of alternative splicing. However, although recognized, the precise contribution of alternative splicing in ion channel transcripts to channel kinetics remains poorly understood. Invertebrates, with their smaller genomes, offer attractive models to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythms regulate physiology and behavior through transcriptional feedback loops of clock genes running within specific pacemaker cells. In Drosophila, molecular oscillations in the small ventral lateral neurons (sLNvs) command rhythmic behavior under free-running conditions releasing the neuropeptide PIGMENT DISPERSING FACTOR (PDF) in a(More)
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1) expression is associated with a spectrum of neuroinflammatory processes related to chronic neurodegenerative diseases. The single-bolus microinjection of IL-1 into the central nervous system (CNS) parenchyma gives rise to delayed and localized neutrophil recruitment, transient blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, but no overt damage(More)
The ability to regulate intrinsic membrane excitability, to maintain consistency of action potential firing, is critical for stable neural circuit activity. Without such mechanisms, Hebbian-based synaptic plasticity could push circuits toward activity saturation or, alternatively, quiescence. Although now well documented, the underlying molecular components(More)
In the mammalian CNS, glial cells expressing excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) tightly regulate extracellular glutamate levels to control neurotransmission and protect neurons from excitotoxic damage. Dysregulated EAAT expression is associated with several CNS pathologies in humans, yet mechanisms of EAAT regulation and the importance of glutamate(More)
Over the years it has become crystal clear that a variety of processes encode time-of-day information, ranging from gene expression, protein stability, or subcellular localization of key proteins, to the fine tuning of network properties and modulation of input signals, ultimately ensuring that physiology and behavior are properly synchronized to a changing(More)
Alternative splicing in the voltage-gated sodium channel 1 DmNav regulates activation, inactivation and persistent 2 current. 3 Wei-Hsiang Lin*, Duncan E Wright*, Nara I Muraro and Richard A. Baines 4 Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK. 5 *authors contributed equally 6 7 8 Pages: 45 9 Figures: 8 10 Tables: 5 11(More)
Early-onset torsion dystonia is a dominant motor disorder linked to mutations in torsinA. TorsinA is weakly related to a superfamily of chaperone-like proteins. The function of the torsin group remains largely unknown. Here we use RNAi and over-expression to analyze the function of torp4a, the only Drosophila torsin. Targeted down-regulation in the eye(More)