Nappan Veettil Giridharan

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Obesity, a multifactorial nutrition disorder, is no longer the problem of the affluent West; it has been slowly gaining entry in to developing countries as well. Ever since the first demonstration of an experimental hypothalamic obese rat model, laboratory animals have been in the forefront of basic research concerned with this important metabolic disease.(More)
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), an important enzyme involved in monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis is a key player in energy homeostasis. Here, we tested the impact of vitamin A on hepatic and adipose tissue SCD1 expression and adiposity per se, using an obese mutant rat strain namely, WNIN/Ob developed at National Center for Laboratory Animal(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES WNIN/GR-Ob is a mutant obese rat strain with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) developed at the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad, India, from the existing 80 year old Wistar rat (WNIN) stock colony. The data presented here pertain to its obese nature along with IGT trait as evidenced by physical, physiological and(More)
Maternal undernutrition increases the risk of adult chronic diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of maternal zinc restriction in predisposing the offspring to adiposity and altered insulin response in later life. Seventy-day-old female Wistar/NIN rats received a control (ZnC) or zinc-restricted (ZnR) diet for 2(More)
PURPOSE Obesity is a major public health problem worldwide, and of late, epidemiological studies indicate a preponderance of cataracts under obesity conditions. Although cataract is a multifactorial disorder and various biochemical mechanisms have been proposed, the influence of obesity on cataractogenesis has yet to be investigated. In such a scenario, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the possible role of chronic dietary high vitamin A supplementation in body weight regulation and obesity using a novel WNIN/Ob obese rat model developed at the National Centre for Laboratory Animal Sciences of National Institute of Nutrition, India. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Thirty-six 7-month-old male rats of lean, carrier,(More)
Adult Wistar NIN (WNIN) rats (6 months old) of both sexes were orally fed Amalakirasayana at a dose of 4.5 g per kg body weight, five days in a week. The Amalakirasayana was prepared by Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal, Kerala, India, which is considered as gold standard. After 3, 9 and 15 months of such therapeutic regime, rats were sacrificed and various(More)
11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) catalyzes the conversion of inactive glucocorticoids to active glucocorticoids and plays an important role in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome. 11β-HSD1 activity is lower in liver and higher in omental adipose tissue of obese rodent models like obese zucker rats, Ob/Ob and db/db mice. Here,(More)
OBJECTIVE Scavenger receptor class BI (SR-BI), authentic high-density lipoprotein (HDL) receptors expressed in liver, are known to play an important role in HDL-cholesterol (C) metabolism and reverse cholesterol transport. Interestingly, obese rats of WNIN/Ob strain have abnormally elevated levels of serum HDL-C compared with their lean counterparts. Based(More)
BACKGROUND Microsomal stearoyl-CoA desaturase1 (SCD1) is the rate limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs); palmitoleic (16:1) and oleic (18:1) acid from their respective substrates palmitic (16:0) and stearic (18:0) acids. The ratio of 18:1 to 18:0 has been implicated in the regulation membrane fluidity and(More)