Naoyuki Taniguchi

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The membrane-anchored heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor precursor (proHB-EGF)/diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) belongs to a class of transmembrane growth factors and physically associates with CD9/DRAP27 which is also a transmembrane protein. To evaluate the biological activities of proHB-EGF/DTR as a juxtacrine growth factor and the biological(More)
Mammalian sulfoglycolipids comprise two major members, sulfatide (HSO3-3-galactosylceramide) and seminolipid (HSO3-3-monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol). Sulfatide is a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and serves as the epitope for the well known oligodendrocyte-marker antibody O4. Seminolipid is synthesized in spermatocytes and maintained in the(More)
DRAP27, the monkey homolog of human CD9 antigen (DRAP27/CD9) and diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) were expressed in mouse L cells. L cells transfected transiently with both DRAP27/CD9 and DTR cDNA bound approximately 10 times more diphtheria toxin (DT) than cells transfected with DTR alone. Stable L cell transfectants expressing both DTR and DRAP27/CD9(More)
Vero cell heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is synthesized as a 20- to 30-kDa membrane-anchored HB-EGF precursor (proHB-EGF). Localization and processing of proHB-EGF, both constitutive and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA)-inducible, was examined in Vero cells overexpressing recombinant HB-EGF (Vero H cells). Flow(More)
The alpha1,6-fucosyl residue (core fucose) of glycoproteins is widely distributed in mammalian tissues and is altered under pathological conditions. A probe that specifically detects core fucose is important for understanding the role of this oligosaccharide structure. Aleuria aurantia lectin (AAL) and Lens culimaris agglutinin-A (LCA) have been often used(More)
The membrane anchored form of human heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) acts as the diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor. Transfection of human HB-EGF cDNA into mouse LC cells, L cells stably expressing DRAP27, conferred sensitivity to DT, but transfection of mouse HB-EGF cDNA did not. To define the essential regions of HB-EGF that(More)
Notch is a transmembrane receptor that mediates the cell-cell interactions necessary for many cell-fate decisions. Endocytic trafficking of Notch plays important roles in the activation and downregulation of this receptor. A Drosophila O-FucT-1 homolog, encoded by O-fut1, catalyzes the O-fucosylation of Notch, a modification essential for Notch signaling(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) of glycoproteins is an emerging field in proteomics, poised to meet the technical demand for elucidation of the structural complexity and functions of the oligosaccharide components of molecules. Considering the divergence of the mass spectrometric methods employed for oligosaccharide analysis in recent publications, it is necessary(More)
Advanced glycation end products are a diverse class of posttranslational modifications, stemming from reactive aldehyde reactions, that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of degenerative diseases. Because advanced glycation end products are accelerated by, and result in formation of, oxygen-derived free radicals, they represent an(More)
Apoptosis is well known to be mediated by oxidative stress. To evaluate the functional role of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) produced by neutrophils, we compared the rates of apoptosis in neutrophils isolated from normal donors and from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a hereditary defect in ROI production. Spontaneous cell death in(More)