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The medaka (Oryzias latipes), a tiny fish, has been an excellent experimental model for molecular and developmental genetics, and is expected for being a "vertebrate" model animal for population genetics, because 1) there is abundant within-species variation, and 2) the whole genome sequence has been determined for one of the inbred strains. In spite of its(More)
Antisera were prepared against two types of estradiol-3-sulfate-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugates. The haptens were coupled to BSA through the C-6 position in the steroid molecule by the glutaraldehyde (A) or the carbodiimide method (B). In comparison the antiserum produced by method A had a high affinity for estradiol-3-sulfate (Ka = 5.64 X 10(8) M-1);(More)
Mechanisms that determine the strength of trophic cascades from fish to benthic algae via algivorous invertebrates in stream communities have not been clarified. Using seven fish species, we tested the hypothesis that the interspecific variation of predatory behavior of fishes affects the strength of trophic cascades in experimental streams. One or two(More)
The gastric microvascular changes in reserpine (RES 6 mg/kg s.c.)-induced ulcer in Wistar male rats were studied. Two kinds of water paints were injected through the superior mesenteric vein and celiac artery. Excised stomachs were frozen instantly by cooled methanol (-70 degrees C) and were put into methylsalicylate after 24 hr in order to make transparent(More)
A highly specific anti-estriol 3-sulfate antiserum was treated with 50% ammonium sulfate, and the crude globulin fraction was coupled to CNBr-activated Sepharose-4B. Addition of 0.1M Tris-HC1 buffer (pH 8.3) containing 0.1M glutamine to the solution of antigen-antibody enabled assaying without solvent-extraction or chromatography to remove endogenous(More)
Aminoguanidine sulfate (AGS) produces a peculiar anomaly in the liver of chick embryos. Incorporation of amino acids and bases into the liver and body was investigated to clarify the mechanism of this effect. After chick embryos of White Leghorns were injected with AGS on the 5th day of incubation, 3H-thymidine (3H-T), 3H-uridine (3H-U), 14C-glycine (14C-G)(More)
A facile, sensitive radioimmunoassay of estradiol 3-sulfate in pregnancy plasma was established. Highly specific antisera were raised in male rabbits against a conjugate of 6-oxoestradiol 3-sulfate-(O-carboxymethyl)oxime with bovine serum albumin. After purification of the antiserum, we coupled the crude globulin fraction to CNBr-activated Sepharose-4B and(More)
Antisera were raised in male guinea pigs against 6-oxoestriol 3-sulfate O-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugate. The antisera to this antigen exhibited high affinity (Ka=4.7 X 10(9)M-1) and excellent specificity for estriol 3-sulfate, showing slight cross-reactions (less than 0.43%) with other estrogen sulfates, and no cross-reactivities(More)