Naoyuki Osaka

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Using fMRI, neural substrates of the executive system were investigated with respect to differences in working memory capacity. To explore the executive control processes, reading span test (RST) and read conditions were performed. Two subject groups were selected: those with large working memory capacities, labeled high-span subjects (HSS) according to the(More)
We examined the relationship between brain activities and task performance on working memory. A large-scale study was initially administered to identify good and poor performers using the operation span and reading span tasks. On the basis of those span scores, we divided 20 consenting participants into high- and low-span groups. In an fMRI study, the(More)
Using fMRI, neural substrates of verbal working memory were investigated with respect to differences in working memory capacity. Listening-span test (LST), Listen, and Remember conditions were performed. Two subjects groups were selected: those who had large working memory capacities, labeled high-span subjects (HSS) according to the working memory span(More)
Based on localization error for a single perisaccadic flash, eye position signal is supposed to change more slowly than physical eye position. Nevertheless, a flicker is not perceived as moving in accordance with localization error for a single flash. We carried out two experiments to investigate this problem. Experiment 1 examined how a single flash or a(More)
The present study examines the landing-site distributions of the eyes during natural reading of Japanese script: a script that mixes three different writing systems (Kanji, Hiragana, and Katakana) and that misses regular spacing between words. The results show a clear preference of the eyes to land at the beginning rather than the center of the word. In(More)
We investigated the perceived locations of two stimuli flashed successively near the time of saccade execution in a dark room. The inter-stimulus interval (ISI) between the flashes ranged from 80 to 240 ms. The results show that when the ISI was 120 ms or shorter, perceived locations of the flashes interacted with each other so that the perceived distance(More)
Attention shifting in the working memory system plays an important role in goal-oriented behavior, such as reading, reasoning, and driving, because it involves several cognitive processes. This study identified brain activity leading to individual differences in attention shifting for dual-task performance by using the group comparison approach. A(More)
In recent years, several neuroimaging studies have suggested that the neural basis of the self-referential process1 is special, especially in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC). However, it remains controversial whether activity of the MPFC (and other related brain regions) appears only during the self-referential process. We investigated the neural(More)
Temporal tuning property of motion aftereffect (MAE) with flickering test stimuli (flicker MAE) was examined. Using sinusoidal gratings of several spatial frequencies (SF), MAE strength was measured for various adapting temporal frequencies (TF). Unlike the traditional MAE with static test field, the results indicated that flicker MAE did not depend on TF.(More)
Using fMRI, we investigated neural substrates for focusing attention in working memory. To explore this focusing effect, two kinds of reading span test (RST), focused and nonfocused, were performed. In the focused RST (F-RST), the target word to be maintained was the focus word in the sentence. In the nonfocused RST (NF-RST), the target word was not the(More)