Naoyuki Ohta

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A novel pentapeptide containing a D-amino acid residue was purified from the central ganglia of the African giant snail Achatina fulica Ferussac, and it was named fulicin. The primary structure of the peptide was determined to be Phe-D-Asn-Glu-Phe-Val-NH2. Fulicin potentiated tetanic contraction of the penis retractor muscle of this snail at very low(More)
CD44 is a polymorphic and polyfunctional transmembrane glycoprotein widely expressed in many types of cells. Here, the expression of this protein on human membrana granulosa was studied by two techniques. Using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) with the mouse monoclonal antibody to human CD44 (clone G44-26), cells immunoreactive for CD44 were(More)
In animal development, secreted signaling molecules evoke all-or-none threshold responses of target gene transcription to specify cell fates. In the chordate Ciona intestinalis, the neural markers Otx and Nodal are induced at early embryonic stages by Fgf9/16/20 signaling. Here we show that three additional signaling molecules act negatively to generate a(More)
Pathways relaying olfactory information to the deep amygdaloid nuclei (AMYGd) were analyzed with electrophysiological techniques in anesthetized cats. Stimulation of the piriform cortex (PC) produced orthodromic spikes in some AMYGd neurons with a mean latency of 12.2 ms and antidromic responses in other neurons with a mean latency of 9.3 ms. Stimulation of(More)
Despite containing only approximately 330 cells, the central nervous system (CNS) of Ciona intestinalis larvae has an architecture that is similar to the vertebrate CNS. Although only vertebrates have a distinct hypothalamus-the source of numerous neurohormone peptides that play pivotal roles in the development, function, and maintenance of various neuronal(More)
A complex system of multiple signaling molecules often produce differential gene expression patterns in animal embryos. In the ascidian embryo, four signaling ligands, Ephrin-A.d (Efna.d), Fgf9/16/20, Admp, and Gdf1/3-r, coordinately induce Otx expression in the neural lineage at the 32-cell stage. However, it has not been determined whether differential(More)
Our previous transcriptome analysis identified 565 genes that are preferentially expressed in the developing brain of Ciona intestinalis larvae. Here, we show by in-situ hybridization that the spatial expression patterns of these brain-specific genes fall into different categories depending on the regions where the gene is expressed. For example, Ci-opsin3(More)
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