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The application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as biomaterials is of wide interest, and studies examining their application in medicine have had considerable significance. Biological safety is the most important factor when considering the clinical application of CNTs as biomaterials, and various toxicity evaluations are required. Among these evaluations,… (More)
The study of neurovascular diseases such as vascular dementia and stroke require novel models of targeted vascular disruption in the brain. We describe a model of microvascular disruption in rat neocortex that uses ultrashort laser pulses to induce localized injury to specific targeted microvessels and uses two-photon microscopy to monitor and guide the… (More)
It is commonly assumed, although insufficiently acknowledged, that major advances in neuroscience are spurred by methodological innovations. Novel techniques may appear quite daunting at first, but their successful application not only places them among mainstream methods, but also stimulates further developments in new directions. Such is the case for… (More)
To ensure the persistence of populations and species that maintain unique biodiversity in suburban landscapes, it is necessary to establish an efficient management system for abandoned suburban secondary forests. Thinning operations seem to be an effective management approach to inhibiting the progress of forest succession, which could lower the level of… (More)
Tantalum oxynitride photoanode is fabricated and modified with calcium ferrite to form a heterojunction anode for a photoelectrochemical water splitting cell. The synthesized powders are loaded sequentially to the transparent conducting glass by electrophoretic deposition, which is advantageous to form a uniform layer and a junction structure. X-ray… (More)
The authors have noticed that Figure 4C was published incorrectly in the original version of this Article. The correct Figure 4C appears below in Figure 1.
Structures and dynamics of old-growth coniferous stands are affected by several types of disturbances including typhoons. We report the forest dynamics of four old-growth Chamaecyparis stands in central Japan that differ in the disturbance history of typhoons over a period of 23 years. The stem number, basal area and mortality were examined. In a… (More)