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BACKGROUND Endoscopic biliary stenting with a plastic stent is often performed to prevent impaction of common bile duct (CBD) stones. The therapeutic effect of a plastic stent placement in terms of reduction in stone size and number has not been established. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to study the effect of biliary stenting as therapy for CBD(More)
The factors involved in the survival of Legionella pneumophila in the microcosms of both hot spring water and tap water were studied by examining cultivability and metabolic activity. L. pneumophila could survive by maintaining metabolic activity but was noncultivable in all microcosms at 42 degrees C, except for one microcosm with a pH of <2.0. Lower(More)
AIM To study the safety and effectiveness of propofol sedation for outpatient colonoscopy. METHODS Propofol was given by bolus injection with an age-adjusted standard protocol consisting of 60 mg for patients < 70 years old, 40 mg for patients age 70-89 years, and 20 mg for those ≥ 90 years, and additional injections of 20 mg propofol were given up to a(More)
We investigated with intracellular recordings from rat visual cortex slices whether the susceptibility to undergo long-term potentiation (LTP) is age-dependent and whether it is correlated with the expression of synaptic responses mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Test and tetanic stimuli were applied to the white matter and post-tetanic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Control of bleeding is crucial in improving the safety of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), and intragastric acidity has a great impact on hemostasis and blood coagulation. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are potent suppressors of gastric acid; however, PPI need to be continuously administered orally for several days, and thus initial(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Colonoscopy, using either a transparent retractable extension device or narrow band imaging, is thought to improve colon adenoma detection. We compared the abilities of a transparent retractable extension device and narrow band imaging to detect colorectal adenomas. METHODS One hundred and seven patients with colonic adenomas that were(More)
Platinum (Pt)-DNA adducts formed by the anti-tumor agent cisplatin are recognized by the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. To investigate the involvement of MMR proteins including hMLH1 in the removal of these adducts, we developed a mL-scale wet-digestion method for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The detection limit was 0.01 ng(More)
We analyzed the effects of temperature on the interaction of Legionella pneumophila with Acanthamoeba castellanii. At <20 degrees C, overexpression of type 1 metacaspase, a stimulator of A. castellanii encystation, was associated with a reduced number of bacteria within amoeba. At low temperatures, A. castellanii seems to eliminate L. pneumophila by(More)
Two source codes of earthquake generation module in GeoFEM have been installed into Earth Simulator and the following tuning has been done. One is to simulate quasi-static earthquake cycle and the other is to simulate dynamic rupture propagation. The dynamic rupture propagation analysis code starts the computation after the stress accumulation in the(More)