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A toroidal lattice architecture (TLA) and a planar lattice architecture (PLA) are proposed as massively parallel neurocomputer architectures for large-scale simulations. The performance of these architectures is almost proportional to the number of node processors, and they adopt the most efficient two-dimensional processor connections for WSI(More)
Low birth weight (LBW) is thought to be one of the risk factors for the progression of kidney diseases. This study hypothesized that the onset age of kidney disease, the rate of progression of kidney disease, or the age at the time of hemodialysis (HD) induction among HD patients that were born with LBW is different from those without a history of LBW. A(More)
This study aimed to evaluate in vivo behavior of a carbonate apatite (CO3Ap) block fabricated by compositional transformation via a dissolution-precipitation reaction using a calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate [DCPD: CaHPO4·2H2O] block as a precursor. These blocks were used to reconstruct defects in the femur and tibia of rabbits, using sintered dense(More)
Bone defect reconstruction would be greatly improved if β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules had the ability to self-set without sacrificing their osteoconductivity potential. This study aimed to identify a method to permit β-TCP self-setting whilst maintaining good osteoconductivity. When mixed with acidic calcium phosphate solution, β-TCP granules were(More)
We recently reported that when an acidic calcium phosphate solution is mixed with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules, the resulting dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) crystals form bridges between the β-TCP granules, creating a set interconnected porous structure in approximately 1 min. Although this self-setting β-TCP granular cement (β-TCPGC) is(More)
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