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Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, an inbred strain of a mutant rat isolated from Long-Evans rats, develop hereditary hepatitis. To elucidate the role of copper metabolism in the development of the hepatitis in LEC rats, we examined the copper concentration in the tissues and serum levels of copper and ceruloplasmin. Copper concentration in the liver of LEC(More)
To investigate the effects of in vivo copper on magnetic resonance (MR) images, the authors studied Long-Evans cinnamon rats, which develop hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma as a result of abnormal copper metabolism. The livers of the rats were imaged before hepatitis developed; the absence of hepatic disease was confirmed histopathologically. The(More)
This study was designed to evaluate trace metal metabolism in adults with thyroid diseases. Erythrocyte zinc values were significantly lower than normal in hyperthyroidism and higher in hypothyroidism. A significantly higher than normal urinary excretion of zinc was observed in hyperthyroidism. The mean concentrations of plasma and erythrocyte copper were(More)
A new mutant causing hereditary hepatitis associated with severe jaundice has been discovered in the LEC strain of rats. Hepatitis appears suddenly in adult rats three to four months after birth. The clinical signs of hepatitis are characterized by severe jaundice, subcutaneous bleeding, oliguria, and loss of body weight. The affected rats showed a high(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of intrahepatic copper on magnetic resonance (MR) images, we studied the signal intensity (SI) of T1-weighted images and the T1 relaxation time of Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, which have abnormal copper metabolism, and compared them with those of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. METHODS We imaged the livers of(More)
Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, a mutant strain originating from Long-Evans rats, spontaneously develop hereditary hepatitis followed by hepatocellular carcinoma. The hepatic disorder in LEC rats is associated with their abnormal copper metabolism; metal-catalyzed reactions often give rise to oxygen radicals, which may be related to the carcinogenesis. By(More)
Cell-mediated immunity was investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The thymuses of young SHR rats before developing hypertension had reduced numbers of immature T lymphocytes which were detected by the rosette formation test with guinea-pig erythrocytes in the presence of foetal bovine serum, whereas the thymuses of eight other rat strains(More)
Production of metalloproteinases such as collagenases has been reported to be involved in the metastasis of cancer cells. Granulocytic sarcoma in extramedullary sites can be formed by similar steps to other cancers. In this study, we have examined the secretion of type IV collagenases and a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in several human(More)
The Long-Evans Cinnamon rat is a mutant strain that contracts hereditary hepatitis and, eventually, spontaneous hepatoma. Recently, abnormal copper accumulations in Long-Evans Cinnamon rat livers were shown to be genetically linked to the development of hepatitis. Because reduced glutathione and glutathione-related enzymes are known to play important roles(More)
We present four cases of an unusual diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid occurring in Japanese women ranging in age from 17 to 42 years. Macroscopically, both lobes of the thyroid were involved, being diffusely enlarged and firm. Histologically, the tumor was characterized by squamous metaplasia of tumor cells, numerous psammoma(More)