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BACKGROUND Because researchers have reported that antidepressants increase the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the rat hippocampus, we investigated whether serum BDNF levels may be used as a putative biological marker for major depressive disorders (MDD). METHODS We measured serum BDNF in the following three groups:(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that D-serine may function as an endogenous agonist of the glycine site on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor that has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of the study was to determine whether serum levels of D- and L-serine in patients with AD are altered as compared with(More)
A recent report demonstrated that serum levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF) were significantly decreased in patients with schizophrenia, suggesting that impaired EGF signaling might be associated with the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Our goal in the present study was to determine whether serum levels of EGF are altered in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The hypofunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Several lines of evidence suggest that D-serine may function as an endogenous agonist of the glycine site of the NMDA receptor. The aim of this study was to examine whether serum levels of D- and L-serine(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a role in the regulation of eating behavior. Because of its role in eating behavior, which is especially relevant to eating disorders, BDNF is an attractive candidate for investigation of potential biological markers of eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa(More)
Our previous study showed that serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was significantly decreased in the antidepressant-naive patients with major depressive disorders. However, it was still unclear whether serum BDNF level was altered in drug-naive patients with schizophrenia. Using ELISA, we measured serum BDNF levels in antipsychotic-naive (n=15)(More)
Physiological deficits in inhibition of the P50 auditory evoked potential in schizophrenia have been related to diminished expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Diminished P50 inhibition is correlated with neuropsychological deficits in attention, one of the principal neurocognitive disturbances in schizophrenia. Nicotine administration(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors might contribute to susceptibility to panic disorder. Our previous studies show that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorders and eating disorders. Assuming that BDNF may be implicated in the putative common pathophysiology of(More)
We investigated the roles of endogenous glutathione on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells using DNA fragmentation enzyme-immunoassay and the DNA dye Hoechst 33258 staining. We observed that exogenous reduced glutathione (GSH), but not oxidized glutathione (GSSG), protected 6-OHDA (25 micro M)-induced apoptosis(More)
Noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist dizocilpine ((+)-MK-801) is known to induce neurotoxicity in rat retrosplenial cortex after systemic administration. The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of adenosine A(1) receptor agonists on the neurotoxicity in rat retrosplenial cortex after administration of dizocilpine.(More)