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PURPOSE The negative regulatory programmed death-1/programmed death-1 ligand (PD-1/PD-L) pathway in T-cell activation has been suggested to play an important role in tumor evasion from host immunity. In this study, we investigated the expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2 in human esophageal cancer to define their clinical significance in patients' prognosis after(More)
Screening of the entire coding and major promoter regions of the CYP19 gene identified two novel polymorphisms at codon 39 (Trp to Arg) and codon 408 (silent) in addition to those reported previously at codon 264 (Arg to Cys) and intron 4 [tetranucleotide (TTTA) simple tandem repeat]. A case-control study was conducted in order to see whether or not these(More)
The purpose of this investigation is to study the frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in Japanese breast cancer families. Mutation analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 by SSCP was conducted on the 113 breast cancer patients (probands) with at least 1 breast cancer (site-specific breast cancer families, n = 101) or 1 ovarian cancer (breast/ovarian cancer(More)
PURPOSE RECK, a membrane-anchored regulator of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is widely expressed in healthy tissue, whereas it is expressed at lower levels in many tumor-derived cell lines. Studies in mice and cultured cells have shown that restoration of RECK expression inhibits tumor invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. However, the clinical(More)
PURPOSE We previously established a novel murine monoclonal antibody(MH8-11) that recognized aminopeptidase N (APN)/cluster of differentiation antigen 13 (CD13). This monoclonal antibody inhibited human umbilical vein endothelial cells migration and capillary-like tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells on Matrigel. In this study, we(More)
A case-control study was conducted to investigate the association of two genetic polymorphisms (1931T/C and 1951G/A) in the promoter region of the CYP17 gene with breast cancer risk in Japanese women. No significant association was observed between CYP17 polymorphism(1951G/A) and breast cancer risk (odds ratio (OR) = 1.71, 95% confidence interval (CI):(More)
We have carried out a quantitative analysis of ER-alpha and ER-beta mRNA expression in normal (n = 11) and breast cancer (n = 112) tissues using a real-time (Taq-Man) PCR assay. Expression of ER-beta mRNA variants has also been studied by triple-primer PCR assay. ER-alpha mRNA levels in normal breast tissues were significantly (p < 0.01) lower than those in(More)
The objective of this study was to clarify the patterns of recurrence and prognosis after resection of intraductal papillary mucinous tumors (IPMTs). Fourteen patients with IPMT were reviewed histologically; intraductal papillary adenocarcinoma was present in 12 cases and intraductal papillary adenoma in 2. Six patients were alive with no evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has recently become recognized. However, the pathoetiology of postoperative NAFLD is largely unknown. Furthermore, the optimal treatment has not been established. The aim of this prospective study was to clarify whether pancrelipase, which contains digestive(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen action is mediated not only through a classic estrogen receptor (ER) (ER-alpha) but also through a second ER (ER-beta) that has a structure and function similar to ER-alpha. A correlation between ER-beta mRNA expression with ER and progesterone receptor (PR) protein levels as well as prognostic factors remains to be established in breast(More)