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UNLABELLED PET with short inhalation of (15)O-O(2) provides regional oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in a shorter acquisition time and with less radiation exposure than does the steady-state method. The purpose of this study was to test the accuracy of the short-inhalation technique for estimating OEF in healthy human volunteers. METHODS The final study(More)
UNLABELLED After traumatic brain injury (TBI), subcortical white matter damage may induce a functional disconnection leading to a dissociation of regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc) between the cerebral cortex and deeper brain regions. Therefore, thalamic and brain stem CMRglc may have a closer correlation than does the cerebral cortex with(More)
OBJECTIVE (11)C-Methionine positron emission tomography (MET-PET) has been used to distinguish brain tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis. Because the spatial resolution of conventional PET scanners is low, partial volume effect (PVE) may decrease the detectability of small tumor recurrence. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic value(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the apparent loss of overall gray-white matter contrast (GM/WM) seen on FDG-PET imaging reflects the differential changes of glucose metabolic rate (CMRglc) in cortical gray mater (GM) and subcortical white mater (WM) following TBI. The clinical significance of the CMRglc GM-to-WM ratio was also evaluated.(More)
OBJECTIVE We used positron emission tomographic studies to prospectively examine the relationship between glucose and oxidative metabolism in the subcortical white matter (WM) acutely after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The objective was to determine the nature, extent, and degree of metabolic abnormalities in subcortical brain regions remote from(More)
PURPOSE Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor and its prognosis is significantly poorer than those of less malignant gliomas. Pathologically, necrosis is one of the most important characteristics that differentiate GBM from lower grade gliomas; therefore, we hypothesized that (18)F fluoromisonidazole (FMISO), a radiotracer(More)
Hemodynamic changes following traumatic brain injury (TBI) may reflect cellular damage leading to secondary injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regional hemodynamic parameters acutely after TBI among regions in and around contusions. Sixteen patients (11 male, 5 female) showing evidence of contusion on CT and 18 normal volunteers (12(More)
PURPOSE (11)C-methionine (MET) PET is an established diagnostic tool for glioma. Studies have suggested that MET uptake intensity in the tumor is a useful index for predicting patient outcome. Because MET uptake is known to reflect tumor expansion more accurately than MRI, we aimed to elucidate the association between volume-based tumor measurements and(More)
PURPOSE The staging of endometrial cancer requires surgery which carries the risk of morbidity. FDG PET/CT combined with anatomical imaging may reduce the number of unnecessary lymphadenectomies by demonstrating the risk of extrapelvic infiltration. The purpose of this study was to optimize FDG PET/CT diagnostic criteria for risk assessment in endometrial(More)