Naoya Hashimoto

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Neurons and glial cells differentiate from common precursors. Whereas the gene glial cells missing (gcm) determines the glial fate in Drosophila, current data about the expression patterns suggest that, in mammals, gcm homologues are unlikely to regulate gliogenesis. Here, we found that, in mouse retina, the bHLH gene Hes5 was specifically expressed by(More)
We investigated movement-related change in the cortical EEG signal by simultaneous recording from the primary sensorimotor area (S1-M1) and the supplementary motor area proper (SMA proper) in four patients with intractable partial epilepsy. By the use of temporal spectral evolution (TSE) analysis, the change in background cortical activity in relation to(More)
In Xenopus the c-mos proto-oncogene product (Mos) is essential for the initiation of oocyte maturation, for the progression from meiosis I to meiosis II and for the second meiotic metaphase arrest, acting as an essential component of the cytostatic factor CSF. Its function in mouse oocytes is unclear, however, as is the biological significance of c-mos mRNA(More)
During mouse oocyte maturation the regulation of the activity of a cytoplasmic maturation-promoting factor (MPF) was examined. The mouse MPF activity was determined based on its ability to induce maturation in immature starfish oocytes after microinjection with the cytoplasm from mouse oocytes. MPF appeared initially at germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD),(More)
Polycomb genes in Drosophila maintain the repressed state of homeotic and other developmentally regulated genes by mediating changes in higher-order chromatin structure. M33, a mouse homologue of Polycomb, was isolated by means of the structural similarity of its chromodomain. The fifth exon of M33 contains a region of homology shared by Drosophila and(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are two major members of the neurotrophin family. Using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization histochemistry, we examined the effect of L5 spinal nerve ligation (SPNL), a neuropathic pain model, on the expression of BDNF in the uninjured L4 dorsal root ganglion (DRG). After L5(More)
We investigated the expression, activation, and distribution of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38s) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry in gerbil hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia to clarify the role of these kinases in delayed neuronal death(More)
A noninvasive technique for assessing tumor tissue characteristics is required to assist preoperative surgical planning for malignant brain tumors. Preoperative information on tumor cell density within a tumor would help better define the target for tumor biopsy, resulting in more accurate diagnosis and grading of malignant brain tumors. One possible source(More)
Transport of L-[3H]carnitine and acetyl-L-[3H]carnitine at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was examined by using in vivo and in vitro models. In vivo brain uptake of acetyl-L-[3H]carnitine, determined by a rat brain perfusion technique, was decreased in the presence of unlabeled acetyl-L-carnitine and in the absence of sodium ions. Similar transport(More)
To clarify the mechanism by which inhibitory motor responses such as cortical negative myoclonus are generated in humans, three patients with medically intractable partial epilepsy (two with frontal lobe epilepsy and one with parietal lobe epilepsy) were studied by means of direct cortical stimulation with a single electric pulse through subdural(More)