Naoya Aoo

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OBJECTIVE There are no established therapies for preventing or rescuing perinatal infection or inflammation-induced perinatal brain damage. We administered dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drug, to neonatal rats in a model of such damage induced by a combination of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hypoxia-ischemia (HI), which(More)
We previously reported that rats exposed to neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult showed selective and long-lasting learning and memory impairments in the plus maze, 8-arm radial maze, choice reaction time (CRT) task, and water maze, and that they showed severe brain injury to areas such as parietal cortex, hippocampus, striatum and thalamus. In this study,(More)
Activating the noradrenergic and cholinergic systems is known to enhance attentional processes, while stimulating dopaminergic, serotonergic, and GABAergic systems suppresses them. The objective of the present study was to investigate the pharmacological characterization in the attentional processes of a two-lever choice reaction time (CRT) task using(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the long-term effects of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia and endotoxin on attention and short- and long-term memory in neonatal rats with the use of behavioral tasks and brain histologic results. STUDY DESIGN Four hours after injections of lipopolysaccharide (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or saline solution, 7-day-old Wistar rat pups were(More)
Much effort and many resources are being devoted to rehabilitative programs for children with disabilities caused by neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy without clear evidence of the efficacy of such programs. We recently reported that rehabilitative training tasks during adolescence improve spatial learning impairment following neonatal(More)
The present study was designed to determine potential associations between the brain damage induced by hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult and spatial learning impairment in an eight-arm radial maze task. We first determined the pathological outcomes after 2, 5, 9, and 17 weeks of recovery following the HI insult. The results show that the brain damage progressed(More)
OBJECTIVE Implantation of encapsulated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor-secreting cells into brain parenchyma reduces histological brain damage following hypoxic-ischemic stress in neonatal rats. We examined the effect of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factors on long-term learning and memory impairment and morphological changes up to 18(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate from a behavioral and histological viewpoint the effect of local administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on neonatal preganglionic Erb's palsy in rats. METHODS The Erb's palsy model was produced by transecting the anterior and posterior roots of the left C5-C7 nerves of 7-day-old rats. The rats(More)
A neonatal upper brachial plexus injury, referred to as Erb's palsy, is a serious obstetric problem. Some surgical methods are used to treat this injury, but they are inadequate. To seek new treatments for Erb's palsy, we used a model for cervical preganglionic root transection in neonate rats and evaluated the behavioral and histological compatibility of(More)
The conditioned place preference paradigm has been used to evaluate the motivational effects of drugs. The primary motivational effects of a drug are conditioned to prominent environmental stimuli of a conditioned place preference box, and after several conditionings, animals acquire secondary motivational effects of drugs. If the drug experience produces a(More)