Learn More
OBJECTIVE There are no established therapies for preventing or rescuing perinatal infection or inflammation-induced perinatal brain damage. We administered dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drug, to neonatal rats in a model of such damage induced by a combination of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hypoxia-ischemia (HI), which(More)
The present study was designed to determine potential associations between the brain damage induced by hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult and spatial learning impairment in an eight-arm radial maze task. We first determined the pathological outcomes after 2, 5, 9, and 17 weeks of recovery following the HI insult. The results show that the brain damage progressed(More)
We previously reported that rats exposed to neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult showed selective and long-lasting learning and memory impairments in the plus maze, 8-arm radial maze, choice reaction time (CRT) task, and water maze, and that they showed severe brain injury to areas such as parietal cortex, hippocampus, striatum and thalamus. In this study,(More)
Much effort and many resources are being devoted to rehabilitative programs for children with disabilities caused by neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy without clear evidence of the efficacy of such programs. We recently reported that rehabilitative training tasks during adolescence improve spatial learning impairment following neonatal(More)
Activating the noradrenergic and cholinergic systems is known to enhance attentional processes, while stimulating dopaminergic, serotonergic, and GABAergic systems suppresses them. The objective of the present study was to investigate the pharmacological characterization in the attentional processes of a two-lever choice reaction time (CRT) task using(More)
We recently reported that hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult to the brain of 7-d-old rats resulted in a slowly progressive learning and memory disability, which started at around 5 wk after HI, a time frame that is representative of human adolescence. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether physical or mental exercises can prevent this late-onset,(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the long-term effects of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia and endotoxin on attention and short- and long-term memory in neonatal rats with the use of behavioral tasks and brain histologic results. STUDY DESIGN Four hours after injections of lipopolysaccharide (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or saline solution, 7-day-old Wistar rat pups were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one) is a new free radical scavenger that is used for the treatment of adult acute cerebral infarction in Japan. We examined the effect of edaravone on the optimal duration of treatment, the long-term effect on the brain, and the effect on learning and memory disability in a rat model of(More)
OBJECTIVE Implantation of encapsulated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor-secreting cells into brain parenchyma reduces histological brain damage following hypoxic-ischemic stress in neonatal rats. We examined the effect of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factors on long-term learning and memory impairment and morphological changes up to 18(More)
Abuse of volatile organic solvents among youth remains a major social problem. Organic solvents are cheap and relatively easy to obtain, so they carry the risk of becoming a "gateway drug" for users. The effect of repeated inhalation of toluene on subsequent responses to other drugs of abuse is unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of(More)