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BACKGROUND Soluble thrombomodulin is a promising therapeutic natural anticoagulant that is comparable to antithrombin, tissue factor pathway inhibitor and activated protein C. OBJECTIVES We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial to compare the efficacy and safety of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (ART-123) to(More)
A population-based cohort study was conducted to assess the relationship between total mortality and self-reported sleep patterns as regards not only to sleep duration but also subjective sleep quality. A total of 5,322 inhabitants in Gifu Prefecture, Japan, completed a self-administered questionnaire on health status and lifestyles including habitual sleep(More)
Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion have been shown to impair coronary vasorelaxation to endothelium-dependent vasodilators. To examine the time course of this dysfunction, occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery (90 minutes) was followed by reperfusion for 0, 2.5, 5, 20, 180, or 270 minutes. Coronary arterial rings from the ischemic(More)
Recent reports have suggested that polymorphisms in the human paraoxonase (HUMPONA) gene may be a genetic risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in white populations. However, this association has not yet been confirmed in other ethnic populations. We studied 75 Japanese patients with CAD, whose coronary lesions were confirmed by angiography, and 115(More)
Here we report the cloning of a sucrose transporter cDNA from maize (Zea mays L.) and an analysis of the expression of the gene. A cDNA clone (ZmSUT1) was identified as a sucrose transporter cDNA from its sequence homology at the amino acid level to sucrose transporters that have been cloned from other higher plant species. Based on the results of genomic(More)
The cDNA of the Na+/I- symporter playing a key role in thyroid iodide transport was cloned very recently. To characterize its function, we transfected the Na+/I- symporter gene into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and established a cell line stably expressing a number of rat Na+/I- symporters, named CHO-4J. Iodide uptake was dependent on [Na+] and reached(More)
Myocardial ischemia causes heart injury that is characterized by an increase in circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF), the local production of superoxide anions, the loss of coronary vasodilation (relaxation) in response to agents that release endothelial cell relaxation factor, and cardiac tissue damage. Ischemic injury can be mimicked by TNF. When given(More)
A patient who suffered a recurring thrombosis over the last 15 yr has been investigated. The only abnormality found in this patient was a significantly depressed level of plasminogen activity in plasma. In spite of the depressed plasminogen activity, the patient was found to have a normal level of plasminogen antigen concentration. It was calculated that(More)
The mutagenic/carcinogenic activities of DEHP and MEHP were studied in bacteria and mammalian cells. MEHP but not DEHP exerted a dose-dependent DNA damaging effect to B. subtilis in Rec-assay. DEHP and MEHP showed mutagenic activities to S. typhimurium TA-100, with and without S-9 mix, respectively. MEHP produced not only the mutation in E. coli WP2B/r but(More)
Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by immunoblot analysis of plasma thrombomodulin concentrate revealed that four degraded forms of thrombomodulin with different molecular weights are present in plasma. Plasma concentrations of thrombomodulin in patients with various diseases were measured by two methods of enzyme-linked(More)