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The present study describes the seasonal changes in lipid components of two brown algae, Sargassum horneri (Turner) and Cystoseira hakodatensis (Yendo), with specific reference to fucoxanthin (Fx) and n-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Young thalli of S. horneri were collected from different places, Nesaki and Matsushima, and cultivated in(More)
Fucoxanthin (Fx) and fucosterol (Fs) are characteristic lipid components of brown seaweeds that afford several health benefits to humans. This article describes the quantitative evaluation of lipids of 15 species of brown seaweeds with specific reference to Fx, Fs, and functional long-chain omega-6/omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In addition,(More)
Protoplasts were isolated enzymatically from three species of Chlorophyta (Enteromorpha linza, Monostroma zostericola andUlva pertusa) with high yield and viability. An enzyme solution appropriate for protoplast isolation from the marine green algae was the following: 2% Cellulase Onozuka R-10, 1.0.M mannitol, pH 6.0. Protoplasts could not be obtained from(More)
The marine red alga Porphyra yezoensis contains an actin gene family consisting of at least four isoforms (PyACT1, 2, 3 and 4). The amino acid identity between isoforms exceeds 83%, and each contains a putative nuclear export signal (NES). We scanned the sequences for amino acids in regions homologous to the intermonomeric interface of actin filaments. Few(More)
An endo-beta-1,4-mannanase was isolated from digestive fluid of Pacific abalone, Haliotis discus hannai, by successive chromatographies on TOYPEARL CM-650M, hydroxyapatite, and TOYOPEARL HW50F. The abalone mannanase, named HdMan in the present paper, showed a molecular mass of approximately 39,000 Da on SDS-PAGE, and exhibited high hydrolyic activity on(More)
Transcription factors play a central role in expression of genomic information in all organisms. The objective of our study is to analyze the function of transcription factors in red algae. One way to analyze transcription factors in eukaryotic cells is to study their nuclear localization, as reported for land plants and green algae using fluorescent(More)
Phosphoinositides (PIs) play important roles in signal transduction pathways and the regulation of cytoskeleton and membrane functions in eukaryotes. Subcellular localization of individual PI derivative is successfully visualized in yeast, animal, and green plant cells using PI derivative-specific pleckstrin homology (PH) domains fused with a variety of(More)
Sodium pumps (EC, Na+-ATPase), which mediate excretion of Na+ from the cell, play a crucial role in Na+ homeostasis in eukaryotic cells. The objective of this study is to understand the Na+ efflux system in a marine red alga. We identified a novel sodium pump gene, PyKPA2, from the marine red alga Porphyra yezoensis. The amino acid sequence of(More)
The establishment of transient gene expression systems in the marine red macroalga Porphyra yezoensis has been useful for the molecular analysis of cellular processes in this species. However, there has been no successful report about the expression of foreign genes in other red macroalgae, which has impeded the broader understanding of the molecular(More)