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Breakdown of triple-helical interstitial collagens is essential in embryonic development, organ morphogenesis and tissue remodelling and repair. Aberrant collagenolysis may result in diseases such as arthritis, cancer, atherosclerosis, aneurysm and fibrosis. In vertebrates, it is initiated by collagenases belonging to the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)(More)
A unicellular alga displaying a high growth rate under heterotrophic growth conditions was isolated from soil and identified as Chlorella sorokiniana. The optimal temperature for growth was 35 degrees C and the optimal pH was 6.0-7.0. Glucose, sucrose, galactose, maltose, and soluble starch served as carbon sources supporting growth under dark conditions.(More)
In the present study, Escherichia coli cells exhibited antibiotic resistance after transformation with exogenous plasmid DNA adsorbed onto chrysotile particles during agar-exposure. We previously demonstrated penetration of E. coli by chrysotile particles during agar-exposure. To further investigate the mechanism by which transformation of E. coli is(More)
The nodulation tendency and community structure of indigenous bradyrhizobia on Rj genotype soybean cultivars at cultivation temperatures of 33/28°C, 28/23°C, and 23/18°C for 16/8 h (day/night degrees, hours) were investigated using 780 bradyrhizobial DNA samples from an Andosol with 13 soybean cultivars of four Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj(2)Rj(3), Rj(4), and(More)
The ability to introduce individual molecules of plasmid DNA into cells by transformation has been of central importance to the recent rapid advancement of plasmid biology and to the development of DNA cloning methods. Molecular genetic manipulation of bacteria requires the development of plasmid-mediated transformation systems that include (1) chemical(More)
Asparagus virus 2 (AV-2) is a member of the genus Ilarvirus in the family Bromoviridae. We cloned the coat protein (CP) and the 2b protein (2b) genes of AV-2 isolates from asparagus plants from various regions and found that the sequence for CP and for 2b was highly conserved among the isolates, suggesting that AV-2 from around the world is almost(More)
The growth kinetics of Thiobacillus thiooxidans on elemental sulfur in batch cultures at 30(deg)C and pH 1.5 was studied by measuring the time courses of the concentration of adsorbed cells on sulfur, the concentration of free cells suspended in liquid medium, and the amount of sulfur oxidized. As the elemental sulfur was oxidized to sulfate ions, the(More)
The main objective of this laboratory scale experiment was to study the effect of l-glutamic acid on the growth in media and removal of ammonium from ammonium solution and natural wastewater by Chlorella vulgaris NTM06. It was observed that higher levels (1.0% and 1.5%) of l-glutamic acid compared to control (0% l-glutamic acid) negatively affected growth(More)
We investigated the potential utility of a recombinant E. coli that expresses the human metallothionein II gene as a fusion protein with beta-galactosidase as a heavy metal biosorbent. E. coli cells expressing the metallothionein fusion demonstrated enhanced binding of Cd2+ compared to cells that lack the metallothionein. It was shown that the(More)
Nucleotide sequences from the P1 gene and the 5′ untranslated region of leek yellow stripe virus (LYSV), collected from several locations, were used to refine the phylogenetic relationships among the isolates. Multiple alignments revealed three distinct regions of insertions and deletions to classify LYSVs. In our phylogenetic analyses, the LYSV isolates(More)