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OBJECTIVE We have provided evidence that saturated fatty acids, which are released from adipocytes via macrophage-induced adipocyte lipolysis, serve as a naturally occurring ligand for the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 complex in macrophages, thereby aggravating obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation. The aim of this study was to identify the molecule(s)(More)
OBJECTIVE Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) catalyzes the final committed step in triglyceride biosynthesis. DGAT1 null mice are known to be resistant to diet-induced obesity, and more insulin sensitive relative to the wild-type; however, the mice exhibit abnormalities in the skin. This work determined whether the intestine-targeted DGAT1 inhibitor(More)
In order to selectively remove pathogenic macromolecular reactants, a biological affinity type adsorbent (a DNA colloidin charcoal column or protein A sepharose CL4B = Prosorba) has been developed and used for the treatment of immune disorders, alloimmunization and cancer. However, because physiologically active materials are required in this procedure, it(More)
In vitro studies were carried out with IM-T. This adsorbent consists of polyvinyl alcohol joined with tryptophan side chains and was delivered by ASAHI Medical Co., Ltd., Tokyo/Japan. It was found that IM-T binds immunoglobulins G and M and also immune complexes only moderately but IgE was adsorbed in remarkable amounts. A clear dose-dependent was adsorbed(More)
The transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key regulator of cellular defense mechanisms against oxidative stress. Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, is characterized by progressive demyelination and neurodegeneration induced by inflammation and oxidative stress. The induction of Nrf2(More)
A new synthetic material was developed by ASAHI Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. In vitro studies revealed selective bindings of cholesterol, LDL (low density lipids) and beta-lipoprotein by this material. Maximal bindings were reached within 1 min, and therefore, the affinities of the LDL-adsorbent to these lipid components seem to be high. In(More)
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