Naoto Suzuki

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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mechanical stress on the differentiation of the pluripotent mesenchymal cell line C2C12. C2C12 cells were cultured continuously under compressive force (0.25-2.0 g/cm(2)). After mechanical stress loading, the levels of expression of mRNAs and proteins for phenotype-specific markers of osteoblasts(More)
Since mammalian skin expresses the enzymatic apparatus for melatonin synthesis, it may be an extrapineal site of melatonin synthesis. However, evidence is still lacking that this is really the case in situ. Here, we demonstrate melatonin-like immunoreactivity (IR) in the outer root sheath (ORS) of mouse and human hair follicles (HFs), which corresponds to(More)
Artemether (AM) is one of the most effective antimalarial drugs. The elimination half-life of AM is very short, and it shows large interindividual variability in pharmacokinetic parameters. The aim of this study was to identify cytochrome P450 (P450) isozymes responsible for the demethylation of AM and to evaluate functional differences between 26 CYP2B6(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a proinflammatory cytokine that is a potent stimulator of bone resorption and an inhibitor of bone formation, whereas macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) ligand (RANKL) are essential and sufficient for osteoclast differentiation. Recently, we showed that IL-1alpha affects(More)
Orthodontic tooth movement induced alveolar bone resorption and formation around the teeth applied mechanical force. Although mechanical force can promote bone formation, the molecular mechanism that underlies this phenomenon is not fully understood. The purposes of this study were to determine how mechanical stress affects the osteogenic response of human(More)
Tobacco smoking is an important risk factor for the development of severe periodontitis. Recently, we showed that nicotine affected mineralized nodule formation, and that nicotine and lipopolysaccharide stimulated the formation of osteoclast-like cells by increasing production of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by(More)
Several studies have indicated that one of the causes of alveolar bone destruction with periodontitis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria in plaque and that tobacco smoking may be an important risk factor for the development and severity of periodontitis. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism for the increase in endothelial permeability induced by human neutrophil elastase (HNE). Pretreatment of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) with HNE(0-30 mug/ml) for 1 h produced a concentration dependent increase in (125)I-albumin clearance. The effect was reversible and was not due to(More)
The suggestion that dynamic facial expressions of emotion induce more evident facial mimicry than static ones remains controversial. We investigated this issue by recording EMG from the corrugator supercilii and zygomatic major. Dynamic and static facial expressions of anger and happiness were presented. Dynamic presentations of angry expressions induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Butyric acid (sodium butyrate; BA) is a major metabolic by-product of main periodontopathic bacteria present in subgingival plaque. In the present study, we examined the effects of BA on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, mineralized nodule formation, extracellular matrix protein expression, macrophage colony-stimulating(More)