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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mechanical stress on the differentiation of the pluripotent mesenchymal cell line C2C12. C2C12 cells were cultured continuously under compressive force (0.25-2.0 g/cm(2)). After mechanical stress loading, the levels of expression of mRNAs and proteins for phenotype-specific markers of osteoblasts(More)
Artemether (AM) is one of the most effective antimalarial drugs. The elimination half-life of AM is very short, and it shows large interindividual variability in pharmacokinetic parameters. The aim of this study was to identify cytochrome P450 (P450) isozymes responsible for the demethylation of AM and to evaluate functional differences between 26 CYP2B6(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays key roles in altering cartilage matrix turnover. This turnover is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs). In the present study, we examined the effect of IL-1beta on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, and the expression of MMPs, and TIMPs in(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays key roles in altering bone matrix turnover. This turnover is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and the plasminogen activation system, including tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) , and plasminogen activator(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported that beta-alanyl-l-histidine (carnosine) enhanced the process of wound healing by stimulating effusion at the initial stage of inflammation, and also enhanced runt-related transcription factor-2/core binding factor alpha-1 (RUNX2/Cbfa1), Sox9, bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and BMP-7 expressions of human(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism for the increase in endothelial permeability induced by human neutrophil elastase (HNE). Pretreatment of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC) with HNE(0-30 mug/ml) for 1 h produced a concentration dependent increase in (125)I-albumin clearance. The effect was reversible and was not due to(More)
In a 64-year-old man who had been treated with prednisolone (PSL) and 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) for a long period, for ulcerative colitis (UC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was detected incidentally. The UC was in remission with these medications. After he had been taking these medications for about 8 years, HCC was detected by computed tomography (CT), done(More)
In orthodontic tooth movement, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) released from osteoblasts can alter the normal process of bone remodeling. We previously showed that compressive force (CF) controls bone formation by stimulating the production of PGE(2) and Ep2 and/or Ep4 receptors in osteoblasts. The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of CF on the(More)
Lactoferrin accelerates the differentiation of osteogenic and chondrogenic lineage cells, whereas it inhibits the myogenic and adipogenic differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal cells; however, the effect of lactoferrin on the differentiation of preadipocytes is unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of lactoferrin on adipogenic differentiation(More)