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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mechanical stress on the differentiation of the pluripotent mesenchymal cell line C2C12. C2C12 cells were cultured continuously under compressive force (0.25-2.0 g/cm(2)). After mechanical stress loading, the levels of expression of mRNAs and proteins for phenotype-specific markers of osteoblasts(More)
Artemether (AM) is one of the most effective antimalarial drugs. The elimination half-life of AM is very short, and it shows large interindividual variability in pharmacokinetic parameters. The aim of this study was to identify cytochrome P450 (P450) isozymes responsible for the demethylation of AM and to evaluate functional differences between 26 CYP2B6(More)
OBJECTIVE Butyric acid (sodium butyrate; BA) is a major metabolic by-product of main periodontopathic bacteria present in subgingival plaque. In the present study, we examined the effects of BA on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, mineralized nodule formation, extracellular matrix protein expression, macrophage colony-stimulating(More)
Lactoferrin accelerates the differentiation of osteogenic and chondrogenic lineage cells, whereas it inhibits the myogenic and adipogenic differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal cells; however, the effect of lactoferrin on the differentiation of preadipocytes is unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of lactoferrin on adipogenic differentiation(More)
In orthodontic tooth movement, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) released from osteoblasts can alter the normal process of bone remodeling. We previously showed that compressive force (CF) controls bone formation by stimulating the production of PGE(2) and Ep2 and/or Ep4 receptors in osteoblasts. The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of CF on the(More)
We investigated the effects of dynamic information on decoding facial expressions. A dynamic face entailed a change from a neutral to a full-blown expression, whereas a static face included only the full-blown expression. Sixty-eight participants were divided into two groups, the dynamic condition and the static condition. The facial stimuli expressed eight(More)
To clarify the effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) on osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation, we investigated the effects of dexamethasone (Dex), a GC analogue on transcription factors for osteoblasts (Runx2, Dlx5 and Osterix) and adipocytes (C/EBPs such as C/EBPalpha, C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta, and PPARgamma2), late osteoblastic markers, bone sialoprotein(More)
Orthodontic tooth movement induced alveolar bone resorption and formation around the teeth applied mechanical force. Although mechanical force can promote bone formation, the molecular mechanism that underlies this phenomenon is not fully understood. The purposes of this study were to determine how mechanical stress affects the osteogenic response of human(More)
OBJECTIVE In orthodontic tooth movement, some cytokines released from periodontal ligament fibroblasts and alveolar bone osteoblasts on the pressure side can alter the normal processes of bone remodelling, resulting in physiological bone resorption. We examined the effect of compressive force and interleukin (IL)-1 type I receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) on the(More)
AIMS Osteoblasts and adipocytes originate from common precursor cells. We examined the effects of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on the molecular mechanisms governing the diametric actions of BMP-2 on simultaneous mature osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation in a clonal mesenchymal progenitor cell line, ROB-C26 (C26). MAIN METHODS The present(More)